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Table 6

Materials used for creating Floating aquatic macrophyte refuge (Pana chapa) in Garapota baor

S. no.Local names of materialsEnglish/Scientific namesUses
1. Kochuri pana/ Dhap Eicchornia crassipes (Water hyacinth), Monochoria hastate (Arrow leaf pondweed) •Provides shed, cover and/or hideout for fish
•Roots and leaves used as food source
•Provides protection from aerial predators
•Supports growth of insects, insect larvae and flagellates
•Roots and leaves used as food source
•Leaf used as hiding place for predator and prey fishes. Submerged stem provides periphyton food source
•Forage area of insectivore fish
•Submerged stem provides periphyton food source 
2. Topa pana Pistia sp. 
3. Kolmi Ipomea aquatica (reptans) 
4. Helancha/ Hinche Enhydra sp. 
S. no.Local names of materialsEnglish/Scientific namesUses
1. Kochuri pana/ Dhap Eicchornia crassipes (Water hyacinth), Monochoria hastate (Arrow leaf pondweed) •Provides shed, cover and/or hideout for fish
•Roots and leaves used as food source
•Provides protection from aerial predators
•Supports growth of insects, insect larvae and flagellates
•Roots and leaves used as food source
•Leaf used as hiding place for predator and prey fishes. Submerged stem provides periphyton food source
•Forage area of insectivore fish
•Submerged stem provides periphyton food source 
2. Topa pana Pistia sp. 
3. Kolmi Ipomea aquatica (reptans) 
4. Helancha/ Hinche Enhydra sp. 

Source: Survey data on aquatic macrophyte refuge materials from hatchery manager, fishermen and fish traders.

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