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Table 1

Status of water supply, sanitation, and drainage in the settlements studied

Gwalior (n = 201)Indore (n = 221)Jabalpur (n = 200)All cities (n = 622)
Water supply, sanitation, and drainage % households 
<30 minutes to collect water 54.2 72.9 26.0 51.7 
Aware about health and sanitation 96.5 27.1 95.5 71.5 
Willing to pay for sanitation 30.8 80.1 99.0 70.2 
Uses individual toilet 34.3 75.1 46.5 52.7 
Resorts to open defecation 64.7 24.0 32.5 39.8 
Has open pit toilet 1.0 17.2 10.5 9.8 
Has septic tank 34.3 46.6 65.5 48.7 
Wastewater flows into open drains 8.5 21.7 73.5 34.0 
Wastewater flows into streets 71.1 55.7 15.5 47.7 
Wastewater flows into water bodies 11.9 5.4 6.5 7.8 
Dissatisfied with the current sanitation system 97.0 76.4 76.5 83.1 
Has toilet in dwelling unit 34.3 73.3 42.0 50.6 
Gwalior (n = 201)Indore (n = 221)Jabalpur (n = 200)All cities (n = 622)
Water supply, sanitation, and drainage % households 
<30 minutes to collect water 54.2 72.9 26.0 51.7 
Aware about health and sanitation 96.5 27.1 95.5 71.5 
Willing to pay for sanitation 30.8 80.1 99.0 70.2 
Uses individual toilet 34.3 75.1 46.5 52.7 
Resorts to open defecation 64.7 24.0 32.5 39.8 
Has open pit toilet 1.0 17.2 10.5 9.8 
Has septic tank 34.3 46.6 65.5 48.7 
Wastewater flows into open drains 8.5 21.7 73.5 34.0 
Wastewater flows into streets 71.1 55.7 15.5 47.7 
Wastewater flows into water bodies 11.9 5.4 6.5 7.8 
Dissatisfied with the current sanitation system 97.0 76.4 76.5 83.1 
Has toilet in dwelling unit 34.3 73.3 42.0 50.6 

Source: Field Survey 2007–2008.

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