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Table 3

Microbial diversity in the sacred River Bhagirathi

S. no.MicrobesS1S2S3S4S5S6
A Bacteria 
Bacillus circulans 
Escherichia coli 
Enterobacter aerogens  
Klebsiella sp.*  − − 
Microbacterium schleiferi 
Micrococcus sp.* − 
Paenibacillus azatofixans  − − − 
Pseudomonas aeruginosa  − 
Pseudomonas fluorescens  
10 Shigella dysenteriae  − − 
11 Staphylococcus aureus 
12 Streptococcus faecalis  
13 Vibrio cholera  − − 
14 Yersinia enterocolytica  − − − 
B Actinomycetes 
Streptomyces clavifer − − − − 
Streptomyces rangoon − − − 
Streptomyces spp.* 
Nocardia spp.* 
C Fungi 
Achlya spp.* 
Alternaria sp.* − 
Aspergillus flavus − 
Aspergillus niger − 
Cladosporium sp.* − 
Curvularia sp.* − 
Penicillum spp.* 
Phoma sp.* − 
Saprolegnia sp.* − 
10 Rhizopus sp.* − − − 
11 Trichoderma sp.* − 
α-Diversity 19 19 26 29 29 
S. no.MicrobesS1S2S3S4S5S6
A Bacteria 
Bacillus circulans 
Escherichia coli 
Enterobacter aerogens  
Klebsiella sp.*  − − 
Microbacterium schleiferi 
Micrococcus sp.* − 
Paenibacillus azatofixans  − − − 
Pseudomonas aeruginosa  − 
Pseudomonas fluorescens  
10 Shigella dysenteriae  − − 
11 Staphylococcus aureus 
12 Streptococcus faecalis  
13 Vibrio cholera  − − 
14 Yersinia enterocolytica  − − − 
B Actinomycetes 
Streptomyces clavifer − − − − 
Streptomyces rangoon − − − 
Streptomyces spp.* 
Nocardia spp.* 
C Fungi 
Achlya spp.* 
Alternaria sp.* − 
Aspergillus flavus − 
Aspergillus niger − 
Cladosporium sp.* − 
Curvularia sp.* − 
Penicillum spp.* 
Phoma sp.* − 
Saprolegnia sp.* − 
10 Rhizopus sp.* − − − 
11 Trichoderma sp.* − 
α-Diversity 19 19 26 29 29 

S1: Gaumukh (3,812 m a.s.l.); S2: Gangotri (3,140 m a.s.l.); S3: Harshil (2,620 m a.s.l.); S4: Uttarkashi (1,158 m a.s.l.); S5: Tehri (640 m a.s.l.); S6: Deoprayag (457 m a.s.l.).

*Unidentified at species level; +: present; −: absent.

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