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Table 2

Groundwater management strategies in Mogwadi (Dendron)

Formal strategiesInformal strategies
Demand-side
Regulatory licensing system – implemented by DWS  
Monitoring well sites across study area (13 sites – DWS) Groundwater monitoring (individual by farmers) 
Quarterly reports of groundwater status (DWS) Group meetings (farmers' union) – sharing of data, experiences and ideas; peer accountability 
Water user association – not yet formally established (negotiations ongoing) Alterations to crop type, planting times and cropping area 
Pietersburg farmers’ agricultural union Night-time irrigation 
 Supply-side 
 Well siting and spacing between farmers (termed by the farmers as a ‘gentleman's agreement’) 
 Impoundments (for recharge) 
 Increased borehole drilling 
Formal strategiesInformal strategies
Demand-side
Regulatory licensing system – implemented by DWS  
Monitoring well sites across study area (13 sites – DWS) Groundwater monitoring (individual by farmers) 
Quarterly reports of groundwater status (DWS) Group meetings (farmers' union) – sharing of data, experiences and ideas; peer accountability 
Water user association – not yet formally established (negotiations ongoing) Alterations to crop type, planting times and cropping area 
Pietersburg farmers’ agricultural union Night-time irrigation 
 Supply-side 
 Well siting and spacing between farmers (termed by the farmers as a ‘gentleman's agreement’) 
 Impoundments (for recharge) 
 Increased borehole drilling 
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