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Table 1

Physical details of the pipeline system used in the laboratory experiments

Pipe classInternal diameter (mm)Wall thickness (mm)Wave speed (m/s)Impedance (s/m2)
DA = 22.14 eA = 1.63 aA = 1,319 BA = 349,000 
DB = 22.96 eB = 1.22 aB = 1,273 BB = 314,000 
DC = 23.58 eC = 0.91 aC = 1,217 BC = 284,000 
Pipe classInternal diameter (mm)Wall thickness (mm)Wave speed (m/s)Impedance (s/m2)
DA = 22.14 eA = 1.63 aA = 1,319 BA = 349,000 
DB = 22.96 eB = 1.22 aB = 1,273 BB = 314,000 
DC = 23.58 eC = 0.91 aC = 1,217 BC = 284,000 
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