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Table 1

Univariate analysis of fatal drowning

CovariateEffectORLCLUCLUnivariate p-value
WASH variables 
Water source Surface water vs Piped into dwelling 2.14 1.35 3.39 0.0013 
Location of water source Outside property vs Own property 0.84 0.61 1.14 0.2743 
Shared water sources Not shared vs Shared 1.84 1.08 3.14 0.0246 
Toilet type Flush toilet vs No facility or other 0.88 0.21 3.66 0.8479 
 Pit latrine vs No facility or other 0.78 0.20 3.13  
Shared toilets No vs Yes 0.96 0.50 1.83 0.9040 
Other BDHS socio-economic variables 
Household assets No vs Yes 1.42 1.06 1.91 0.0192 
Cooking fuel source Crop vs Wood 0.14 0.02 1.01 0.0448 
 Dung vs Wood 2.00 0.78 5.13  
 LPG vs Wood 0.53 0.08 3.56  
 Other vs Wood 1.77 0.86 3.61  
Transport asset A bicycle vs None 0.79 0.46 1.38 0.0889 
 A motorcycle or motor scooter vs None 1.63 0.75 3.51  
 Rickshaw/Van vs None 0.67 0.19 2.35  
 Motorised vehicle vs None 2.30 1.19 4.46  
Floor material Other vs Cemented/Ceramic 1.19 0.59 2.41 0.3879 
 Palm/Bamboo/Wood Planks vs Cemented/Ceramic 0.32 0.04 2.64  
Wall type Bamboo vs Tin/Plywood     
 Bricks/Cement vs Tin/Plywood 0.88 0.42 1.85  
 Cardboard/Cane/Palm/Trunks vs Tin/Plywood 1.61 0.62 4.16  
 Other vs Tin/Plywood 0.71 0.13 3.85  
 Stone vs Tin/Plywood     
Loan received No vs Yes 0.79 0.58 1.08 0.1322 
CovariateEffectORLCLUCLUnivariate p-value
WASH variables 
Water source Surface water vs Piped into dwelling 2.14 1.35 3.39 0.0013 
Location of water source Outside property vs Own property 0.84 0.61 1.14 0.2743 
Shared water sources Not shared vs Shared 1.84 1.08 3.14 0.0246 
Toilet type Flush toilet vs No facility or other 0.88 0.21 3.66 0.8479 
 Pit latrine vs No facility or other 0.78 0.20 3.13  
Shared toilets No vs Yes 0.96 0.50 1.83 0.9040 
Other BDHS socio-economic variables 
Household assets No vs Yes 1.42 1.06 1.91 0.0192 
Cooking fuel source Crop vs Wood 0.14 0.02 1.01 0.0448 
 Dung vs Wood 2.00 0.78 5.13  
 LPG vs Wood 0.53 0.08 3.56  
 Other vs Wood 1.77 0.86 3.61  
Transport asset A bicycle vs None 0.79 0.46 1.38 0.0889 
 A motorcycle or motor scooter vs None 1.63 0.75 3.51  
 Rickshaw/Van vs None 0.67 0.19 2.35  
 Motorised vehicle vs None 2.30 1.19 4.46  
Floor material Other vs Cemented/Ceramic 1.19 0.59 2.41 0.3879 
 Palm/Bamboo/Wood Planks vs Cemented/Ceramic 0.32 0.04 2.64  
Wall type Bamboo vs Tin/Plywood     
 Bricks/Cement vs Tin/Plywood 0.88 0.42 1.85  
 Cardboard/Cane/Palm/Trunks vs Tin/Plywood 1.61 0.62 4.16  
 Other vs Tin/Plywood 0.71 0.13 3.85  
 Stone vs Tin/Plywood     
Loan received No vs Yes 0.79 0.58 1.08 0.1322 
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