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Table 4

Existing sea-based reservoirs around the world (modified after Yang & Kelly 2015)

CountryNamePurpose
The Netherlands 
  1. 1.

    Afsluitdijk in the Ijsselmeer, 1932

  2. 2.

    Zuider Zee, 1937

 
Flood control
Flood control 
India Thanneermukkom bund, 1974 Agriculture 
South Korea 
  1. 1.

    Sihwa, 1994

  2. 2.

    Saemanguem, 2010

 
Tidal energy
Land reclamation and freshwater 
Hong Kong 
  1. 1.

    Shek pik, 1963

  2. 2.

    Plover Cove, 1968

  3. 3.

    High Island, 1978

 
Freshwater 
China 
  1. 1.

    Qingcaosha, 2011

  2. 2.

    Chenhang, 1992

  3. 3.

    Baogang, 1985

 
Freshwater 
Singapore Marina barrage, 2008 Freshwater 
United Kingdom Cardiff Bay project Freshwater and coastal area development 
CountryNamePurpose
The Netherlands 
  1. 1.

    Afsluitdijk in the Ijsselmeer, 1932

  2. 2.

    Zuider Zee, 1937

 
Flood control
Flood control 
India Thanneermukkom bund, 1974 Agriculture 
South Korea 
  1. 1.

    Sihwa, 1994

  2. 2.

    Saemanguem, 2010

 
Tidal energy
Land reclamation and freshwater 
Hong Kong 
  1. 1.

    Shek pik, 1963

  2. 2.

    Plover Cove, 1968

  3. 3.

    High Island, 1978

 
Freshwater 
China 
  1. 1.

    Qingcaosha, 2011

  2. 2.

    Chenhang, 1992

  3. 3.

    Baogang, 1985

 
Freshwater 
Singapore Marina barrage, 2008 Freshwater 
United Kingdom Cardiff Bay project Freshwater and coastal area development 

At planning stage: 1. Pluit Reservoir Revitalization Project, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2. Kalpasar Project, Gulf of Kambhat, Indian Water Project, Gujarat, 3. Sydney and other coastal cities, Australia, 4. New York, USA, 5. Netravati River Project, Mangalore, India.

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