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Table 1

Nanofiber surface modifications

SubstantialAdjustmentActive groupObjective metalExclusion
Chitosan Nullification with K2CO3 -NH2-Amine Copper(II), Pb(II) 485.44 mg/g, 263.15 mg/g 
Silica Zonal dissolution of polyacrylonitrile -SH-Thiol Mercury(II) 57.49 mg/g 
Acetate ester of cellulose In situ polymerization Fluorinated polybenzoxazine Oil water Maximum 
Polysulfone Graft copolymerization Carboxyl group Toluidine blue O.BSA 380 nmol of TBO/mg of TBO 
Poly ether sulfone 1. Solvent induced fusion, 2. oxidation Carbonyl Waste water 1. flux: 2,626 L/m2hpsi, 2. flux: 2,913 L/m2hpsi 
PETE, PCTE, PTFC, PA AgNO3 lessening Silver Pathogen, Waste water Turbidity exclusion: 99.25%, COD: 94.73%, NH4: 93.98% 
Poly lactic acid Annealing -COOH- TiO2 removal 85% elimination 
Polyacrylo nitrile Hot press interfacial polymerization -CN- Salt rejection, MgSO4 86.5% 
Polyacrylo nitrile Coupling -NH2Antibacterial 53.7–99.9% 
SubstantialAdjustmentActive groupObjective metalExclusion
Chitosan Nullification with K2CO3 -NH2-Amine Copper(II), Pb(II) 485.44 mg/g, 263.15 mg/g 
Silica Zonal dissolution of polyacrylonitrile -SH-Thiol Mercury(II) 57.49 mg/g 
Acetate ester of cellulose In situ polymerization Fluorinated polybenzoxazine Oil water Maximum 
Polysulfone Graft copolymerization Carboxyl group Toluidine blue O.BSA 380 nmol of TBO/mg of TBO 
Poly ether sulfone 1. Solvent induced fusion, 2. oxidation Carbonyl Waste water 1. flux: 2,626 L/m2hpsi, 2. flux: 2,913 L/m2hpsi 
PETE, PCTE, PTFC, PA AgNO3 lessening Silver Pathogen, Waste water Turbidity exclusion: 99.25%, COD: 94.73%, NH4: 93.98% 
Poly lactic acid Annealing -COOH- TiO2 removal 85% elimination 
Polyacrylo nitrile Hot press interfacial polymerization -CN- Salt rejection, MgSO4 86.5% 
Polyacrylo nitrile Coupling -NH2Antibacterial 53.7–99.9% 
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