Skip to Main Content
Table 2

Responses to quality categorization of waterborne disease vulnerability drivers

S/NWaterborne disease vulnerability driversVulnerability weight (1–4)No. of responses (%)
Drinking water sources   
Surface water: River, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation channel 24 (6) 
Unimproved: Drinking water from unprotected dug wells, unprotected springs, carts with small tank/drum, tanker trucks or basic sources with a total collection time of more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing 40 (10) 
Basic: Piped water, boreholes or tube wells, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing 256 (64) 
Safely managed: A basic drinking water source which is located on premises, available when needed and free of fecal and priority chemical contamination 80 (20) 
Sanitation facilities   
Open defecation: Human feces disposed of in fields, forest, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces or disposed of with solid waste 44 (11) 
Unimproved: Pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines and bucket latrines 44 (11) 
Shared: Sanitation facilities of an otherwise acceptable type shared between two or more households 100 (25) 
Improved: A basic sanitation facility which is not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed in situ or treated off-site; flush/pour flush to piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine, ventilated improved pit latrine, composting toilet or pit latrine with a slab not shared with other households 212 (53) 
Hygiene facilities   
No facility: No hand washing facility 72 (18) 
Unimproved: Hand washing facility without soap or water 36 (9) 
Basic: Hand washing facility with soap and water in the household most times 116 (29) 
Safely managed: Hand washing facility with soap and water in the household always 176 (44) 
Education status   
No formal education 44 (11) 
Primary (primary school leaving certificate) 52 (13) 
Secondary (WAEC, GCE, NECO) 172 (43) 
Tertiary (OND, NCE, HND, Degree, Masters, PhD) 132 (33) 
Monthly income status   
Very low (below N50,000) 204 (51) 
Low (N50,000–N99,999) 108 (27) 
Medium (N100,000–N249,999) 40 (10) 
High (above N250,000) 48 (12) 
S/NWaterborne disease vulnerability driversVulnerability weight (1–4)No. of responses (%)
Drinking water sources   
Surface water: River, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal or irrigation channel 24 (6) 
Unimproved: Drinking water from unprotected dug wells, unprotected springs, carts with small tank/drum, tanker trucks or basic sources with a total collection time of more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing 40 (10) 
Basic: Piped water, boreholes or tube wells, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a roundtrip including queuing 256 (64) 
Safely managed: A basic drinking water source which is located on premises, available when needed and free of fecal and priority chemical contamination 80 (20) 
Sanitation facilities   
Open defecation: Human feces disposed of in fields, forest, bushes, open bodies of water, beaches or other open spaces or disposed of with solid waste 44 (11) 
Unimproved: Pit latrines without a slab or platform, hanging latrines and bucket latrines 44 (11) 
Shared: Sanitation facilities of an otherwise acceptable type shared between two or more households 100 (25) 
Improved: A basic sanitation facility which is not shared with other households and where excreta are safely disposed in situ or treated off-site; flush/pour flush to piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine, ventilated improved pit latrine, composting toilet or pit latrine with a slab not shared with other households 212 (53) 
Hygiene facilities   
No facility: No hand washing facility 72 (18) 
Unimproved: Hand washing facility without soap or water 36 (9) 
Basic: Hand washing facility with soap and water in the household most times 116 (29) 
Safely managed: Hand washing facility with soap and water in the household always 176 (44) 
Education status   
No formal education 44 (11) 
Primary (primary school leaving certificate) 52 (13) 
Secondary (WAEC, GCE, NECO) 172 (43) 
Tertiary (OND, NCE, HND, Degree, Masters, PhD) 132 (33) 
Monthly income status   
Very low (below N50,000) 204 (51) 
Low (N50,000–N99,999) 108 (27) 
Medium (N100,000–N249,999) 40 (10) 
High (above N250,000) 48 (12) 

Source: Author's fieldwork, 2018.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal