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Table 1

Consequence mapping for local CSO treatment in the case of Hoffselva

ESS categoryESSCapabilityStrengthRangeValueType of value
Regulation & maintenance Water purification (visual impression) SS and sewage garbage removal ++ + + ++ + + ++ + + Indirect (use and non-use) 
Water purification (reducing odour) Indirect (use and non-use) 
Maintaining populations and habitats (sustaining fish) Sewage garbage and SS removal, and in addition removal of nutrients and other pollutants associated with particles ++ ++ ++ Indirect (use and non-use) 
Maintaining populations and habitats (preserve biodiversity) ++ ++ Indirect (use and non-use) 
Cultural Aesthetic appreciation SS and sewage garbage removal ++ + + ++ + ++ ++ + + Direct (non-use) 
Recreation Sewage garbage and SS removal, and in addition removal of nutrients, other pollutants and bacteria associated with particles Indirect (use and non-use) 
Spiritual, heritage preservation ++ ++ Direct (non-use) 
ESS categoryESSCapabilityStrengthRangeValueType of value
Regulation & maintenance Water purification (visual impression) SS and sewage garbage removal ++ + + ++ + + ++ + + Indirect (use and non-use) 
Water purification (reducing odour) Indirect (use and non-use) 
Maintaining populations and habitats (sustaining fish) Sewage garbage and SS removal, and in addition removal of nutrients and other pollutants associated with particles ++ ++ ++ Indirect (use and non-use) 
Maintaining populations and habitats (preserve biodiversity) ++ ++ Indirect (use and non-use) 
Cultural Aesthetic appreciation SS and sewage garbage removal ++ + + ++ + ++ ++ + + Direct (non-use) 
Recreation Sewage garbage and SS removal, and in addition removal of nutrients, other pollutants and bacteria associated with particles Indirect (use and non-use) 
Spiritual, heritage preservation ++ ++ Direct (non-use) 
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