Skip to Main Content
Table 1

Changing role of PRI institutions in national and state drinking water policies

YearGovernment of IndiaState governments
1947  U.P. Panchayat Raj Act 
1950 Constitution of India, art. 40 calling for the support of gram panchayats  
1957 Balwant Rai Mehta report calling for district and block planning Bombay Village Panchayats Act (updated to 2013) 
1961  Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act emphasize district-level planning 
1970–1980  Establishment of Water Supply and Sewerage Boards (called Public Health Engineering Departments in some states), e.g., Maharashtra (1972) 
1972 Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program  
1978 Ashok Mehta Committee on Panchayati Raj institutions  
1986 National Rural Drinking Water Mission launched. L.M. Singhvi Committee recommended gram sabhas as the principal PRI level  
1992 73rd Constitutional Amendment establishes the three levels of PRI governance. 11th Schedule lists 29 topics including water and sanitation as PRI subjects  
1994  Maharashtra District Planning and Metropolitan Planning Committees Act 
1998  Maharashtra District Planning Committees Act 
1999 Sector Reform Program launched in 67 districts with a focus on decentralization, community participation, and a demand-driven approach  
2002 Swajaldhara water reforms program launched and emphasizes the GP level  
2009 NRDWP is launched and emphasizes PRI roles  
2013 NRDWP Guidelines are updated, emphasis on PRI roles remain, especially at the GP level  
2015 Fourteenth Finance Commission devolution recommendations  
2016  MRDWP (2016) launched by the Maharashtra government emphasizes the Zilla Parishad (ZP) level of planning 
2018  Government Resolution dated 9 March 2018, resuming the control of NRDWP projects from the GP to ZP level for the design and construction of schemes. Responsibility for operation and maintenance rests with GPs 
YearGovernment of IndiaState governments
1947  U.P. Panchayat Raj Act 
1950 Constitution of India, art. 40 calling for the support of gram panchayats  
1957 Balwant Rai Mehta report calling for district and block planning Bombay Village Panchayats Act (updated to 2013) 
1961  Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act emphasize district-level planning 
1970–1980  Establishment of Water Supply and Sewerage Boards (called Public Health Engineering Departments in some states), e.g., Maharashtra (1972) 
1972 Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program  
1978 Ashok Mehta Committee on Panchayati Raj institutions  
1986 National Rural Drinking Water Mission launched. L.M. Singhvi Committee recommended gram sabhas as the principal PRI level  
1992 73rd Constitutional Amendment establishes the three levels of PRI governance. 11th Schedule lists 29 topics including water and sanitation as PRI subjects  
1994  Maharashtra District Planning and Metropolitan Planning Committees Act 
1998  Maharashtra District Planning Committees Act 
1999 Sector Reform Program launched in 67 districts with a focus on decentralization, community participation, and a demand-driven approach  
2002 Swajaldhara water reforms program launched and emphasizes the GP level  
2009 NRDWP is launched and emphasizes PRI roles  
2013 NRDWP Guidelines are updated, emphasis on PRI roles remain, especially at the GP level  
2015 Fourteenth Finance Commission devolution recommendations  
2016  MRDWP (2016) launched by the Maharashtra government emphasizes the Zilla Parishad (ZP) level of planning 
2018  Government Resolution dated 9 March 2018, resuming the control of NRDWP projects from the GP to ZP level for the design and construction of schemes. Responsibility for operation and maintenance rests with GPs 
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal