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Table 3

Urinary concentration (ng/mL) of parabens (geometric means and 95th percentile) in the Tunisian population according to sex

CompoundsGM5th25thMedian75th95thAverageRangeDR (%)
Men (n = 28) 
PP 7.89 1.64 2.02 9.61 17.39 65.08 18.35 1.62–84.1 12 
EP 1.56 0.84 0.97 1.17 2.05 5.86 2.15 0.84–8.67 12 
MP 2.74 1.07 1.43 2.02 5.09 12.13 4.32 0.58–18.09 16 
Women (n = 67) 
PP 5.82 1.36 2.98 4.97 8.71 47.87 11.92 0.88–84.46 28 
EP 1.91 0.52 0.87 1.82 3.94 8.05 3.27 0.35–28.17 35 
MP 2.91 0.67 1.68 2.60 4.49 18.07 5.02 0.52–29.2 40 
CompoundsGM5th25thMedian75th95thAverageRangeDR (%)
Men (n = 28) 
PP 7.89 1.64 2.02 9.61 17.39 65.08 18.35 1.62–84.1 12 
EP 1.56 0.84 0.97 1.17 2.05 5.86 2.15 0.84–8.67 12 
MP 2.74 1.07 1.43 2.02 5.09 12.13 4.32 0.58–18.09 16 
Women (n = 67) 
PP 5.82 1.36 2.98 4.97 8.71 47.87 11.92 0.88–84.46 28 
EP 1.91 0.52 0.87 1.82 3.94 8.05 3.27 0.35–28.17 35 
MP 2.91 0.67 1.68 2.60 4.49 18.07 5.02 0.52–29.2 40 

PP, propylparaben; EP, ethylparaben; MP, methylparaben; GM, geometric mean; DR, detection rate (%); percentile (5th, 25th, 75th, and 95th); range (min–max).

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