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Table 4

Concentration (ng/mL) of parabens in urine samples (n = 95) of three regions of Tunisia

CompoundsMahdia region
Sfax region
Gafsa region
Women (n = 11)
Men (n = 13)
Women (n = 38)
Men (n = 8)
Women (n = 18)
Men (n = 7)
PPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMP
GM 2.39 2.22 1.28 11.40 1.62 1.82 6.47 1.77 2.97 4.92 0.92 3.67 6.50 1.98 4.05 5.76 2.46 1.99 
95th 5.23 4.16 2.63 76.17 6.79 4.09 30.61 8.27 16.07 13.86 0.99 10.43 68.40 8.85 23.61 24.21 3.15 14.77 
Average 2.92 2.61 1.55 26.77 2.30 2.10 10.65 3.50 4.62 8.09 0.92 5.17 17.98 3.28 7.48 10.85 2.55 4.60 
CompoundsMahdia region
Sfax region
Gafsa region
Women (n = 11)
Men (n = 13)
Women (n = 38)
Men (n = 8)
Women (n = 18)
Men (n = 7)
PPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMPPPEPMP
GM 2.39 2.22 1.28 11.40 1.62 1.82 6.47 1.77 2.97 4.92 0.92 3.67 6.50 1.98 4.05 5.76 2.46 1.99 
95th 5.23 4.16 2.63 76.17 6.79 4.09 30.61 8.27 16.07 13.86 0.99 10.43 68.40 8.85 23.61 24.21 3.15 14.77 
Average 2.92 2.61 1.55 26.77 2.30 2.10 10.65 3.50 4.62 8.09 0.92 5.17 17.98 3.28 7.48 10.85 2.55 4.60 

PP, propylparaben; EP, ethylparaben; MP, methylparaben; GM, geometric mean; percentile (95th).

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