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Table 3

The utilized carbon source per amount of nitrogen removed through denitrification (ΔCOD/ΔN)

Carbon sourceΔCOD/ΔN
g COD/g NO3-N
References
Disintegrated thickened excess sludge 1.25–1.59 (70 kJ/L) This study 
2.08–2.46 (140 kJ/L) 
1.83–2.32 (210 kJ/L) 
Distillery wastewater 11.1–12.7 Swinarski et al. (2009)  
Brewery wastewater 6.5–20.8 
Wastewater from a fish-pickling process 11.7–13.1 
Fusel oils 8.1–10.7 Mąkinia et al. (2011)  
Ethanol 2.9–4.1 
Carbon sourceΔCOD/ΔN
g COD/g NO3-N
References
Disintegrated thickened excess sludge 1.25–1.59 (70 kJ/L) This study 
2.08–2.46 (140 kJ/L) 
1.83–2.32 (210 kJ/L) 
Distillery wastewater 11.1–12.7 Swinarski et al. (2009)  
Brewery wastewater 6.5–20.8 
Wastewater from a fish-pickling process 11.7–13.1 
Fusel oils 8.1–10.7 Mąkinia et al. (2011)  
Ethanol 2.9–4.1 
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