Skip to Main Content
Table 1

DPSIR framework for the Orange-Senqu River basin

LesothoSouth AfricaNamibiaBotswanan
Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability 
Conflicting interest Conflicting interest Decreased rainfall Decreased rainfall 
 Developments Developments Worsening arid conditions Worsening arid conditions 
 Population growth Population growth Developments in the upper basin, e.g., dam construction Developments in the upper basin, e.g., dam construction 
Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status 
Climate extremes Climate extremes Decreased flow Decreased flow 
 Drought/floods Droughts/floods Desertification Desertification 
 Compromised supply Change in rainfall Eutrophication Eutrophication 
  Increasing temperature   
  Compromised supply assurance   
Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states 
 Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements 
 Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management 
 Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial 
LesothoSouth AfricaNamibiaBotswanan
Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability Climate change and climate variability 
Conflicting interest Conflicting interest Decreased rainfall Decreased rainfall 
 Developments Developments Worsening arid conditions Worsening arid conditions 
 Population growth Population growth Developments in the upper basin, e.g., dam construction Developments in the upper basin, e.g., dam construction 
Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status Deteriorating water quality and aqua-ecological status 
Climate extremes Climate extremes Decreased flow Decreased flow 
 Drought/floods Droughts/floods Desertification Desertification 
 Compromised supply Change in rainfall Eutrophication Eutrophication 
  Increasing temperature   
  Compromised supply assurance   
Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states Cooperation between basin states 
 Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements Establishment of transboundary treaties and formal agreements 
 Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management Strategic planning and management 
 Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial Political will between riparian states is crucial 
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal