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Table 1

Details of water quality parameters and their measurement techniques

Water qualityParameterMeasurement technique
Physical pH pH meter probe 
Conductivity Conductivity meter probe 
Turbidity Turbidity meter probe 
Colour Colour meter probe 
TDS APHA method 
Chemical Alkalinity Titration method 
Hardness Test kits 
HCO3 Titration method 
SO42– Turbidimetric method 
Cl Test kits 
NO3 Test kits 
F Test kits 
Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) 
Cd, Ni, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ba, pb, As, Ag, Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) 
Biological Faecal coliform Standard plate counts method – m-Endo agar 
Total coliform Standard plate counts method – on eosin methylene blue (EMB) 
Water qualityParameterMeasurement technique
Physical pH pH meter probe 
Conductivity Conductivity meter probe 
Turbidity Turbidity meter probe 
Colour Colour meter probe 
TDS APHA method 
Chemical Alkalinity Titration method 
Hardness Test kits 
HCO3 Titration method 
SO42– Turbidimetric method 
Cl Test kits 
NO3 Test kits 
F Test kits 
Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) 
Cd, Ni, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ba, pb, As, Ag, Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) 
Biological Faecal coliform Standard plate counts method – m-Endo agar 
Total coliform Standard plate counts method – on eosin methylene blue (EMB) 
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