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Table 2

Basic water requirements used for the designs

Survival needs: water intake (drinking and food) 2.5–3 litres per day Depends on the climate and individual physiology 
Basic hygiene practices 2–6 litres per day Depends on social and cultural norms 
Basic cooking needs 3–6 litres per day Depends on food type and social and cultural norms 
Total basic water needs 7.5–15 litres per day  
Survival needs: water intake (drinking and food) 2.5–3 litres per day Depends on the climate and individual physiology 
Basic hygiene practices 2–6 litres per day Depends on social and cultural norms 
Basic cooking needs 3–6 litres per day Depends on food type and social and cultural norms 
Total basic water needs 7.5–15 litres per day  

Source: The Sphere Project: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, 2011 Edition.

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