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Table 2

System information for Case 2

ParameterValue
Head of reservoir 1, Hr1 60 m 
Head of reservoir 2, Hr2 57 m 
Internal diameter of all pipe sections, D 200 mm 
Leak diameter, DL 1.0 mm 
Leak discharge coefficient, Cd 0.6 
Effective opening area of the leak, CdAL 0.47 mm2 
Relative leak size, CdAL/A 1.5 × 10−5 
Steady-state flow in the pipe directly downstream of the leak, Q0 27.6 L/s 
Steady-state flow through the leak, QL 0.016 L/s 
Wave speed in all pipe sections, a0 1000 m/s 
Darcy–Weisbach friction factor, f 0.015 
Normalized location of the leak, xL 0.2 
Impedance ratio of pipe to leak, Zc /ZL 4.4E–4 
ParameterValue
Head of reservoir 1, Hr1 60 m 
Head of reservoir 2, Hr2 57 m 
Internal diameter of all pipe sections, D 200 mm 
Leak diameter, DL 1.0 mm 
Leak discharge coefficient, Cd 0.6 
Effective opening area of the leak, CdAL 0.47 mm2 
Relative leak size, CdAL/A 1.5 × 10−5 
Steady-state flow in the pipe directly downstream of the leak, Q0 27.6 L/s 
Steady-state flow through the leak, QL 0.016 L/s 
Wave speed in all pipe sections, a0 1000 m/s 
Darcy–Weisbach friction factor, f 0.015 
Normalized location of the leak, xL 0.2 
Impedance ratio of pipe to leak, Zc /ZL 4.4E–4 
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