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Table 1

Top responses from household survey (n = 31), translated from Spanish by the authors

What is the source of your in-home tap drinking water?
74% Municipal drinking water treatment plant
19% Spring box distribution tank
7% Private spring 
For what do you use your tap water?
100% Clean (i.e. floors, counter space)
100% Wash (i.e. dishes, clothes)
97% Bathe
94% Brush teeth
52% Cook
23% Drink 
Does your tap water: 
have an unpleasant taste?
68% No
13% Chlorine
10% Metallic
3% Salty 
have an unpleasant odor?
65% No
16% Chemical
10% Sulfur
7% Musty 
have an unnatural color?
36% No
52% Muddy
13% Yellow
3% White 
stain?
74% No
26% Rust/brown
3% Black/grey 
have particles?
45% No
39% Sediment
13% Black specks
7% Red/orange slime 
Do you perceive your in-home tap water to be safe for drinking?
23% Yes
77% No 
What concerns do you have?
(of the 24 that said ‘No’)
Concerns related to self or family's health −32%
Concerns of perceived contamination −40%
Ecological concerns −16%
Financial concerns −4%
Other −8% 
Do you use alternate sources of drinking water?
87% Yes
13% No 
What alternate sources of drinking water do you use?
13% None
61% Bottled water
32% Community spring 
Do you have continuous (all day and night) in-home tap water service?
26% Yes
74% No 
How many hours per day do you have in-home water available?
(of the 23 that said ‘No’)
30% 5–7 hours
26%14–16 hours
22% 11–13 hours 
Within the last year, have you ever experienced an unplanned or no-notice service interruption?
26% Yes
74% No 
How many times?
(of the 8 that said ‘Yes’)
63% 2–3 times
25% 6–8 times 
Approximately how long did each last?
(of the 8 that said ‘Yes’)
13% Half day
50% 1 day
38% 2 days 
Has your household tap water quality ever been tested?
6% Yes
94% No 
Who tested your tap water?
(of the 2 that said ‘Yes’)
100% The municipality 
What is the source of your in-home tap drinking water?
74% Municipal drinking water treatment plant
19% Spring box distribution tank
7% Private spring 
For what do you use your tap water?
100% Clean (i.e. floors, counter space)
100% Wash (i.e. dishes, clothes)
97% Bathe
94% Brush teeth
52% Cook
23% Drink 
Does your tap water: 
have an unpleasant taste?
68% No
13% Chlorine
10% Metallic
3% Salty 
have an unpleasant odor?
65% No
16% Chemical
10% Sulfur
7% Musty 
have an unnatural color?
36% No
52% Muddy
13% Yellow
3% White 
stain?
74% No
26% Rust/brown
3% Black/grey 
have particles?
45% No
39% Sediment
13% Black specks
7% Red/orange slime 
Do you perceive your in-home tap water to be safe for drinking?
23% Yes
77% No 
What concerns do you have?
(of the 24 that said ‘No’)
Concerns related to self or family's health −32%
Concerns of perceived contamination −40%
Ecological concerns −16%
Financial concerns −4%
Other −8% 
Do you use alternate sources of drinking water?
87% Yes
13% No 
What alternate sources of drinking water do you use?
13% None
61% Bottled water
32% Community spring 
Do you have continuous (all day and night) in-home tap water service?
26% Yes
74% No 
How many hours per day do you have in-home water available?
(of the 23 that said ‘No’)
30% 5–7 hours
26%14–16 hours
22% 11–13 hours 
Within the last year, have you ever experienced an unplanned or no-notice service interruption?
26% Yes
74% No 
How many times?
(of the 8 that said ‘Yes’)
63% 2–3 times
25% 6–8 times 
Approximately how long did each last?
(of the 8 that said ‘Yes’)
13% Half day
50% 1 day
38% 2 days 
Has your household tap water quality ever been tested?
6% Yes
94% No 
Who tested your tap water?
(of the 2 that said ‘Yes’)
100% The municipality 

Values may not total to 100% due to rounding or additional responses listed fully in Supplementary Table 1.

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