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Table 1

Studies carried out for the removal of pesticides using microalgae

Pesticide groupPesticide and approximately removal percentage (%)Concentration testedIncubation time (days)Temperature (°C)Photoperiod (light:dark h)Light intensity (μmol m−2 s−1)MicroalgaeReference
Herbicide Atrazine (6), simazine (10) and alachlor (51) 10 μg L−1 8 (hydraulic retention times) continuous feed reactors 23 ± 5 12:12 150 Chlorella sp. and Scenedesmus sp. Matamoros & Rodriguez (2016)  
Insecticide Diazinon (39), chlorfenvinphos (49) lindane (41), malathion (95), chlorpyrifos (84) and endosulfan (89) 
Fungicide Pentachlorobenzene (84) 
Fungicide Dimethomorph (24) and pyrimethanil (10) 600 μg L−1 1–4 23 ± 2 24:0 65 Scenedesmus obliquus and Scenedesmus quadricauda Dosnon-Olette et al. (2010)  
Herbicide Isoproturon (54) 10 μg L−1 
Fungicide Metalaxyl (0), cyprodinil (0), propamocarb (50) and mandipropamid (0) 2 μg L−1 20 16:8 100 Chlorella vulgaris Ardal (2014)  
Herbicide Fluroxypyr (56) 0.5 mg L−1 20–25 14:10 80 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Zhang et al. (2011)  
Herbicide Atrazine (80) and terbutryn (90) 0.75 mol L−1 18 ± 1 12:12 70 ± 2 Synechococcus elongatus and Chlorella vulgaris González-Barreiro et al. (2006)  
Pesticide groupPesticide and approximately removal percentage (%)Concentration testedIncubation time (days)Temperature (°C)Photoperiod (light:dark h)Light intensity (μmol m−2 s−1)MicroalgaeReference
Herbicide Atrazine (6), simazine (10) and alachlor (51) 10 μg L−1 8 (hydraulic retention times) continuous feed reactors 23 ± 5 12:12 150 Chlorella sp. and Scenedesmus sp. Matamoros & Rodriguez (2016)  
Insecticide Diazinon (39), chlorfenvinphos (49) lindane (41), malathion (95), chlorpyrifos (84) and endosulfan (89) 
Fungicide Pentachlorobenzene (84) 
Fungicide Dimethomorph (24) and pyrimethanil (10) 600 μg L−1 1–4 23 ± 2 24:0 65 Scenedesmus obliquus and Scenedesmus quadricauda Dosnon-Olette et al. (2010)  
Herbicide Isoproturon (54) 10 μg L−1 
Fungicide Metalaxyl (0), cyprodinil (0), propamocarb (50) and mandipropamid (0) 2 μg L−1 20 16:8 100 Chlorella vulgaris Ardal (2014)  
Herbicide Fluroxypyr (56) 0.5 mg L−1 20–25 14:10 80 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Zhang et al. (2011)  
Herbicide Atrazine (80) and terbutryn (90) 0.75 mol L−1 18 ± 1 12:12 70 ± 2 Synechococcus elongatus and Chlorella vulgaris González-Barreiro et al. (2006)  
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