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Table 1

Chronological story of drought in Ethiopia from 1957 to 2017 (source: Menkir 2018; Mekonen et al. 2020)

YearRegion affectedEffect and damage
1957/58 Tigray and Wollo Rain failure in 1957 and about 100,000 people died 
1962/63 Western Ethiopia Extreme drought 
1964–66 Tigray and Wollo About 1.5 million people affected 
1971–75 Ethiopia Rain failures; estimated about 250,000 dead; 50% of livestock lost in Tigray and Wollo 
1978/79 Southern Ethiopia Failure in Belg rain and 1.4 million people affected 
1982 Northern Ethiopia Late Meher rains and 2 million people affected 
1984/85 Ethiopia Rain failure; 8 million people affected 
1987/88 Ethiopia 7 million people affected 
1990–92 Northern, Eastern, and SW Ethiopia Rain failure, about 4 million people suffering food shortage 
1993/94 Tigray and Wollo Widespread food insecurity (7.6 million people were affected), but few deaths or cases of displacement were reported 
1997 Borena, Bale, Omo, Somali Almost 986,000 people affected 
1999 N. and S. Wollo, Wag, Himra; Tigray; B. Gumu, Gambela, Oromia, SNNPR, Somali Almost 5 million people affected 
2003/4 All regions Over 13 million people affected, but the response mitigated the worst potential outcomes 
2005 Somali, Oromia Almost 2.6 million drought disaster affected people 
2008/9 All regions Almost 12.6 million people affected 
2011 S and E. Oromia, Somali Severe food insecurity and 4 million people affected 
2015/16 N, E, and SW Ethiopia About 10.2 million people affected 
2017/2018  Southeastern Ethiopia Estimated a total of 7.88 million people affected 
YearRegion affectedEffect and damage
1957/58 Tigray and Wollo Rain failure in 1957 and about 100,000 people died 
1962/63 Western Ethiopia Extreme drought 
1964–66 Tigray and Wollo About 1.5 million people affected 
1971–75 Ethiopia Rain failures; estimated about 250,000 dead; 50% of livestock lost in Tigray and Wollo 
1978/79 Southern Ethiopia Failure in Belg rain and 1.4 million people affected 
1982 Northern Ethiopia Late Meher rains and 2 million people affected 
1984/85 Ethiopia Rain failure; 8 million people affected 
1987/88 Ethiopia 7 million people affected 
1990–92 Northern, Eastern, and SW Ethiopia Rain failure, about 4 million people suffering food shortage 
1993/94 Tigray and Wollo Widespread food insecurity (7.6 million people were affected), but few deaths or cases of displacement were reported 
1997 Borena, Bale, Omo, Somali Almost 986,000 people affected 
1999 N. and S. Wollo, Wag, Himra; Tigray; B. Gumu, Gambela, Oromia, SNNPR, Somali Almost 5 million people affected 
2003/4 All regions Over 13 million people affected, but the response mitigated the worst potential outcomes 
2005 Somali, Oromia Almost 2.6 million drought disaster affected people 
2008/9 All regions Almost 12.6 million people affected 
2011 S and E. Oromia, Somali Severe food insecurity and 4 million people affected 
2015/16 N, E, and SW Ethiopia About 10.2 million people affected 
2017/2018  Southeastern Ethiopia Estimated a total of 7.88 million people affected 
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