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Table 2

Occurrence levels of CX3R-type DBPs in drinking water (median value, μg/L)

LocationTHMsHAAsHALsHANsHAMsHNMsReference
Finished water 
China 10.53 10.95  1.11  0.05 Ding et al. (2013)  
United Kingdom 20 48  2.7 0.2 Bond et al. (2015)  
United States 31 34 1.4 Krasner et al. (2006)  
North Carolina, USA 35 64  4.6  0.28 Singer et al. (1995)  
DWDS water 
Shenzhen, China 19.9  3.4 1.5  Huang et al. (2017)  
Pearl River Delta, China 17.7 8.6 2.1 1.8  0.2 Gan et al. (2013)  
Barcelona, Spain 85 ∼35  ∼6   Goslan et al. (2014)  
United Kingdom 28 52  2.8 1.4 0.2 Bond et al. (2015)  
United Kingdom  20.6     Zhang et al. (2011)  
North Carolina, USA 46 81  5.1  0.43 Singer et al. (1995)  
Tap water 
Zhejiang, China 23.2 15.3  2.2  0.7 Zhou et al. (2019)  
Seoul, Korea 23.9 15.8     Lee et al. (2013)  
Spain 26.4 26.4  5.7   Villanueva et al. (2012)  
Cyprus 66      Charisiadis et al. (2015)  
LocationTHMsHAAsHALsHANsHAMsHNMsReference
Finished water 
China 10.53 10.95  1.11  0.05 Ding et al. (2013)  
United Kingdom 20 48  2.7 0.2 Bond et al. (2015)  
United States 31 34 1.4 Krasner et al. (2006)  
North Carolina, USA 35 64  4.6  0.28 Singer et al. (1995)  
DWDS water 
Shenzhen, China 19.9  3.4 1.5  Huang et al. (2017)  
Pearl River Delta, China 17.7 8.6 2.1 1.8  0.2 Gan et al. (2013)  
Barcelona, Spain 85 ∼35  ∼6   Goslan et al. (2014)  
United Kingdom 28 52  2.8 1.4 0.2 Bond et al. (2015)  
United Kingdom  20.6     Zhang et al. (2011)  
North Carolina, USA 46 81  5.1  0.43 Singer et al. (1995)  
Tap water 
Zhejiang, China 23.2 15.3  2.2  0.7 Zhou et al. (2019)  
Seoul, Korea 23.9 15.8     Lee et al. (2013)  
Spain 26.4 26.4  5.7   Villanueva et al. (2012)  
Cyprus 66      Charisiadis et al. (2015)  
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