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Table 4

HQNitrate exposure due to oral intake

Sampling locationsHQNitrate
MaleFemaleChildren
Ahmedpur 0.54 0.58 0.63 
Bhalan 0.76 0.82 0.93 
Brahmpur 0.52 0.55 0.60 
Chak Dera 0.57 0.60 0.67 
Dhair 0.59 0.63 0.70 
Saijowal 1.31 1.46 1.70 
Singha 0.47 0.50 0.54 
Soara 0.49 0.51 0.55 
Kakrali 0.66 0.71 0.79 
Dumewal 1.00 1.10 1.25 
Nurpur Bedi 1.37 1.54 1.79 
Bara Chaunta 0.48 0.50 0.54 
Hardo Namoh 0.35 0.36 0.37 
Ropar 0.49 0.52 0.56 
Sampling locationsHQNitrate
MaleFemaleChildren
Ahmedpur 0.54 0.58 0.63 
Bhalan 0.76 0.82 0.93 
Brahmpur 0.52 0.55 0.60 
Chak Dera 0.57 0.60 0.67 
Dhair 0.59 0.63 0.70 
Saijowal 1.31 1.46 1.70 
Singha 0.47 0.50 0.54 
Soara 0.49 0.51 0.55 
Kakrali 0.66 0.71 0.79 
Dumewal 1.00 1.10 1.25 
Nurpur Bedi 1.37 1.54 1.79 
Bara Chaunta 0.48 0.50 0.54 
Hardo Namoh 0.35 0.36 0.37 
Ropar 0.49 0.52 0.56 

Bold values indicate non-carcinogenic risks in the age groups.

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