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Table 4

Financial metrics for each managing group recorded during our study period

Managing groupThe Wastewater Association
Vukasasa
Nyalenda Water
KESUSDKESUSDKESUSD
Average consumer payment per job 1,375 14 3,190 32 2,696 27 
Average payment to service provider per job (2,986) (30) (3,066) (31) (3,222) (32) 
Average payment to rental truck driver per joba (578) (6) (5,756) (58) (2,889) (29) 
Average loss before incentive payment per job (2,189) (22) (5,632) (56) (3,415) (34) 
Incentive payment to managing group per job 3,000 30 3,000 30 3,000 30 
Average incentive payment for truck rental per job 578 5,756 58 2,889 29 
Average managing group net revenue per job 1,389 14 3,124 31 2,474 25 
Benefit-to-cost ratio 1.39  1.35  1.40  
Number of jobs 135 – 41 – 18 – 
Total managing group net revenue 187,486 1,875 128,100 1,281 44,527 445 
Managing groupThe Wastewater Association
Vukasasa
Nyalenda Water
KESUSDKESUSDKESUSD
Average consumer payment per job 1,375 14 3,190 32 2,696 27 
Average payment to service provider per job (2,986) (30) (3,066) (31) (3,222) (32) 
Average payment to rental truck driver per joba (578) (6) (5,756) (58) (2,889) (29) 
Average loss before incentive payment per job (2,189) (22) (5,632) (56) (3,415) (34) 
Incentive payment to managing group per job 3,000 30 3,000 30 3,000 30 
Average incentive payment for truck rental per job 578 5,756 58 2,889 29 
Average managing group net revenue per job 1,389 14 3,124 31 2,474 25 
Benefit-to-cost ratio 1.39  1.35  1.40  
Number of jobs 135 – 41 – 18 – 
Total managing group net revenue 187,486 1,875 128,100 1,281 44,527 445 

Numbers in parentheses represent losses.

Exchange rate is 1.00 USD = 100 KES (6 June 2019, oanda.com).

aFor jobs completed by formal manual emptiers, we provided a 20 USD incentive per trip to the treatment site. The average incentive therefore is equal to the proportion of jobs completed by formal manual emptiers multiplied by the average number of trips to the treatment plant multiplied by 20 USD.

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