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Table 1

Examples of top-performing rootstock and scion combinations in vegetable crops under induced flooding stress

Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Flooding stress 
 1 Luffa (Luffa cylindria Roem) cv. Cylinder #2 Bitter melon (Momordia charanthia) cv. New Known You #3 Slight decrease in photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration, and the activity of RuBisCO Liao & Lin (1996)  
 2 Interspecific squash hybrid (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne X C. moschata Duchesne) cv. Shintosa-ichigou Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Kaga-aonagafushinari Triggering ethylene biosynthesis resulting in reduction in chlorophyll degradation Kato et al. (2001a, 2001b) 
 3 Lagenaria siceraria (Landrace) Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) cv. Crimson Tide Formation of aerenchyma tissue and adventitious roots and the reduction in the chlorophyll loss under flooded conditions Yetisir et al. (2006)  
 4 Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. Arka Neelkanth, Mattu Gulla, BPLH1 and Arka Keshav Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Arka Rakshak 
  • 1.

    Lesser decline in photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence

  • 2.

    Stomatal conductance and CO2 concentration

  • 3.

    Enhanced physiological adaptation and better fruit yield

 
Bhatt et al. (2015)  
 5 Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. IC-354557, IC-111056, IC-374873, CHBR-2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Hybrid line cv. Arka Rakshak, Arka Samrat Less reduction in chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence yield Bahadur et al. (2015)  
Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Flooding stress 
 1 Luffa (Luffa cylindria Roem) cv. Cylinder #2 Bitter melon (Momordia charanthia) cv. New Known You #3 Slight decrease in photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration, and the activity of RuBisCO Liao & Lin (1996)  
 2 Interspecific squash hybrid (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne X C. moschata Duchesne) cv. Shintosa-ichigou Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Kaga-aonagafushinari Triggering ethylene biosynthesis resulting in reduction in chlorophyll degradation Kato et al. (2001a, 2001b) 
 3 Lagenaria siceraria (Landrace) Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) cv. Crimson Tide Formation of aerenchyma tissue and adventitious roots and the reduction in the chlorophyll loss under flooded conditions Yetisir et al. (2006)  
 4 Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. Arka Neelkanth, Mattu Gulla, BPLH1 and Arka Keshav Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Arka Rakshak 
  • 1.

    Lesser decline in photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence

  • 2.

    Stomatal conductance and CO2 concentration

  • 3.

    Enhanced physiological adaptation and better fruit yield

 
Bhatt et al. (2015)  
 5 Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. IC-354557, IC-111056, IC-374873, CHBR-2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Hybrid line cv. Arka Rakshak, Arka Samrat Less reduction in chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence yield Bahadur et al. (2015)  
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