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Table 2

Examples of top-performing rootstock and scion combinations in vegetable crops under induced drought stress

Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Drought stress 
 1 PS 1313 (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne X Cucurbita moschata DuchesneWatermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) cv. Ingrid Enhanced water and nutrient uptake (N, Mg, and K) and increased CO2 assimilation Rouphael et al. (2008)  
 2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Beaufort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv.M28 Increased total carotenoid and proline content, less reduction in chlorophyll b concentration, and increased biomass Altunlu & Gul (2012)  
 3 Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) cv. Verset Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) cv. Atlante, PI-15225 and ECU-973 Efficient osmotic adjustment was observed resulting in the optimum function of photosynthetic machinery in water stress conditions Penella et al. (2014)  
 4 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Zarina Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Josefina Development of better radicular system and enhanced uptake of micronutrients like Fe, Cu, N, P, and K Sánchez-Rodríguez et al. (2014)  
 5 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Faridah Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Unifort Grafting resulting in more vigorous plants and better fruit quality (increased vitamin C, total soluble salts, and total sugar levels) Ibrahim et al. (2014)  
 6 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Jjak Kkung Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. BHN 602 Reduction in aboveground growth and increase in the photosynthetic activity Nilsen et al. (2014)  
 7 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Unifort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Farida Increased WUE, growth, and yield were observed in grafted plants Wahb-Allah (2014)  
 8 Sweet pepper (Capsicum annum) rootstock lines Atlante, Terrano and Creonte Sweet pepper (Capsicum annum) cv. Herminio High photosynthetic activity, leaf water content, and more stable leaf area and the maintenance of high reproductive/vegetative ratio López-Marín et al. (2017)  
 9 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Beaufort and cv. Maxifort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Amelia Improved photosynthesis and stomatal conductance were observed Chaudhari et al. (2017)  
Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Drought stress 
 1 PS 1313 (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne X Cucurbita moschata DuchesneWatermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) cv. Ingrid Enhanced water and nutrient uptake (N, Mg, and K) and increased CO2 assimilation Rouphael et al. (2008)  
 2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Beaufort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv.M28 Increased total carotenoid and proline content, less reduction in chlorophyll b concentration, and increased biomass Altunlu & Gul (2012)  
 3 Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) cv. Verset Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) cv. Atlante, PI-15225 and ECU-973 Efficient osmotic adjustment was observed resulting in the optimum function of photosynthetic machinery in water stress conditions Penella et al. (2014)  
 4 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Zarina Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Josefina Development of better radicular system and enhanced uptake of micronutrients like Fe, Cu, N, P, and K Sánchez-Rodríguez et al. (2014)  
 5 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Faridah Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Unifort Grafting resulting in more vigorous plants and better fruit quality (increased vitamin C, total soluble salts, and total sugar levels) Ibrahim et al. (2014)  
 6 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Jjak Kkung Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. BHN 602 Reduction in aboveground growth and increase in the photosynthetic activity Nilsen et al. (2014)  
 7 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Unifort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Farida Increased WUE, growth, and yield were observed in grafted plants Wahb-Allah (2014)  
 8 Sweet pepper (Capsicum annum) rootstock lines Atlante, Terrano and Creonte Sweet pepper (Capsicum annum) cv. Herminio High photosynthetic activity, leaf water content, and more stable leaf area and the maintenance of high reproductive/vegetative ratio López-Marín et al. (2017)  
 9 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Beaufort and cv. Maxifort Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Amelia Improved photosynthesis and stomatal conductance were observed Chaudhari et al. (2017)  
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