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Table 3

Examples of top-performing rootstock and scion combinations in vegetable crops under induced thermal stress

Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Thermal stress 
 1 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. RX-335 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Tmknvf2 
  • 1.

    Increased PAL activity

  • 2.

    Decreased PPO and GPX activity

  • 3.

    Decrease in dry weight

  • 4.

    Increase in total phenols and o-diphenols

 
Rivero et al. (2003b)  
 2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. LA1778 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. T5 Root hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance were maintained in grafted plants Bloom et al. (2004)  
 3 Figleaf Guard (Cucurbita ficifolia BouchéCucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Jinyan No. 4 Lesser reduction in the carboxylation activity and RuBisCO activity resulting in comparatively higher CO2 assimilation Zhou et al. (2007)  
 4 Tomato (Solanum habrochaites) breeding line LA1777 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Moneymaker 
  • 1.

    Higher root mass ratio

  • 2.

    High total leaf carbon concentration

 
Venema et al. (2008)  
 5 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Summerset and Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. Black Beauty Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. UC 82-B 
  • 1.

    Larger leaf area, more leaf fresh and dry weight

  • 2.

    Higher chlorophyll fluorescence

  • 3.

    More pollen grains/flower

 
Abdelmageed & Gruda (2009)  
 6 Figleaf Guard (Cucurbita ficifolia) and Luffa (Luffa cylindrica) cv. Xiangfei Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Jinyan No. 4 
  • 1.

    Higher biomass production and CO2 assimilation capacity

  • 2.

    Decrease in lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation

 
Li et al. (2014)  
Sl. no.RootstockScionKey improved characteristicsReference
Thermal stress 
 1 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. RX-335 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Tmknvf2 
  • 1.

    Increased PAL activity

  • 2.

    Decreased PPO and GPX activity

  • 3.

    Decrease in dry weight

  • 4.

    Increase in total phenols and o-diphenols

 
Rivero et al. (2003b)  
 2 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. LA1778 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. T5 Root hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance were maintained in grafted plants Bloom et al. (2004)  
 3 Figleaf Guard (Cucurbita ficifolia BouchéCucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Jinyan No. 4 Lesser reduction in the carboxylation activity and RuBisCO activity resulting in comparatively higher CO2 assimilation Zhou et al. (2007)  
 4 Tomato (Solanum habrochaites) breeding line LA1777 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Moneymaker 
  • 1.

    Higher root mass ratio

  • 2.

    High total leaf carbon concentration

 
Venema et al. (2008)  
 5 Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. Summerset and Eggplant (Solanum melongena) cv. Black Beauty Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cv. UC 82-B 
  • 1.

    Larger leaf area, more leaf fresh and dry weight

  • 2.

    Higher chlorophyll fluorescence

  • 3.

    More pollen grains/flower

 
Abdelmageed & Gruda (2009)  
 6 Figleaf Guard (Cucurbita ficifolia) and Luffa (Luffa cylindrica) cv. Xiangfei Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cv. Jinyan No. 4 
  • 1.

    Higher biomass production and CO2 assimilation capacity

  • 2.

    Decrease in lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation

 
Li et al. (2014)  
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