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Table 2

Hydroponic water reuse systems with most positive impacts

SystemsMeasuresProduct confidenceEconomic viabilityGroundwater rechargeBiodiversityLandscape quality
Food production (tomatoes); small-scale; lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Quality label; wetland system, landscape integration 90% High Greatly improved 77% 84% 
Food production (tomatoes); small-scale; lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Labeled as regional product; wetland system, landscape integration 70% High Greatly improved 77% 84% 
Food production (tomatoes); large-scale; no lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Quality label; wetland system, landscape integration 90% Positive Greatly improved 76% 80% 
Food production (tomatoes); large-scale; no lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Labeled as regional product; wetland system, landscape integration 70% Positive Greatly improved 76% 80% 
SystemsMeasuresProduct confidenceEconomic viabilityGroundwater rechargeBiodiversityLandscape quality
Food production (tomatoes); small-scale; lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Quality label; wetland system, landscape integration 90% High Greatly improved 77% 84% 
Food production (tomatoes); small-scale; lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Labeled as regional product; wetland system, landscape integration 70% High Greatly improved 77% 84% 
Food production (tomatoes); large-scale; no lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Quality label; wetland system, landscape integration 90% Positive Greatly improved 76% 80% 
Food production (tomatoes); large-scale; no lighting and heating; open or closed system; former industrial area Labeled as regional product; wetland system, landscape integration 70% Positive Greatly improved 76% 80% 
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