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Table 1

Production plants in the MIP with the characteristics of the different wastewater flows (Bauer et al. 2019 )

No.Wastewater origin (production process/other)Annual output [t/a]Wastewater characteristics
Reference
FlowCODNPTSSTDSTS
[m3/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d]
CATEGORY A: Wastewater with carbon as a main component 
H2O2 230,000 945 1,207 58 nda nda BVT Large Volume Organic Chemical Industry (2017)  
Polystyrene 300,000 904 33 nda nda BVT Production of Polymers (2007)  
Chlorine 215,000 365 26 nda 212 nda BVT Chlor-Alkali Manufacturing Industry (2014)  
Fruit juice 40,000 147 250 nda nda nda DWA-M766 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
Maize starch 1,100,000 1,658 3,315 10 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 
Wheat starch 182,500 700 19,250 700 140 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 
Yeast 55,000 1,243 26,541 230 34 nda 7,087 nda DWA M 778 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
Sugar (beets) 1,000,000 2,740 23,973 370 nda nda nda DWA-M 713 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015) andd Südzucker Werk-Offenau 
Silicone 50,000 3,288 1,973 nda 29,451 nda BVT Production of Speciality Inorganic Chemicals (2007)  
10 Ethanol 800,000 25,001 2,387,624 118,756 8,876 nda nda 2,250,117 Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
11 Paper 300,000 10,274 8,527 nda nda nda DWA-M 731 
12 Canteen – 375 709 nda nda nda DWA M 775 
CATEGORY B: Wastewater with carbon and nitrogen as the main component 
13 Butchery (cattle) 100,000 260 1,822 137 14 nda nda nda DWA-M 767 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
14 Potato 175,200 1,920 6,985 568 48 nda nda nda DWA M 753 
15 Animal by-products 15,000 41 339 53 52 nda nda DWA-M 710 
16 Filament glass fibre 500,000 8,904 601 89 nda 11,037 nda BVT Manufacture of Glass (2013)  
CATEGORY C: Wastewater with carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as the main component 
17 Superphosphate 850,000 2,911 1,397 3,959 1,374 nda nda nda BVT Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Ammonia, Acids and Fertilizer Industries (2007)  
18 Soft drinks 600,000 2,564 1,749 34 18 nda nda nda Rosenwinkel et al. (2015) and DWA M 766 and Nachhaltigkeits-bericht 2015 Coca Cola Deutschland 
19 Potato starch 10,000 45 633 57 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
20 Sanitary wastewater – 1,769 1,056 18 14 nda nda nda  
CATEGORY D: Other 
21 Sodium carbonate 1,200,000 28,603 1,216 1,106 205 nda 4,138,852 nda BVT Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Solids and Others industry (2007)  
 Sum  94,658        
No.Wastewater origin (production process/other)Annual output [t/a]Wastewater characteristics
Reference
FlowCODNPTSSTDSTS
[m3/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d][kg/d]
CATEGORY A: Wastewater with carbon as a main component 
H2O2 230,000 945 1,207 58 nda nda BVT Large Volume Organic Chemical Industry (2017)  
Polystyrene 300,000 904 33 nda nda BVT Production of Polymers (2007)  
Chlorine 215,000 365 26 nda 212 nda BVT Chlor-Alkali Manufacturing Industry (2014)  
Fruit juice 40,000 147 250 nda nda nda DWA-M766 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
Maize starch 1,100,000 1,658 3,315 10 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 
Wheat starch 182,500 700 19,250 700 140 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 
Yeast 55,000 1,243 26,541 230 34 nda 7,087 nda DWA M 778 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
Sugar (beets) 1,000,000 2,740 23,973 370 nda nda nda DWA-M 713 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015) andd Südzucker Werk-Offenau 
Silicone 50,000 3,288 1,973 nda 29,451 nda BVT Production of Speciality Inorganic Chemicals (2007)  
10 Ethanol 800,000 25,001 2,387,624 118,756 8,876 nda nda 2,250,117 Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
11 Paper 300,000 10,274 8,527 nda nda nda DWA-M 731 
12 Canteen – 375 709 nda nda nda DWA M 775 
CATEGORY B: Wastewater with carbon and nitrogen as the main component 
13 Butchery (cattle) 100,000 260 1,822 137 14 nda nda nda DWA-M 767 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
14 Potato 175,200 1,920 6,985 568 48 nda nda nda DWA M 753 
15 Animal by-products 15,000 41 339 53 52 nda nda DWA-M 710 
16 Filament glass fibre 500,000 8,904 601 89 nda 11,037 nda BVT Manufacture of Glass (2013)  
CATEGORY C: Wastewater with carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as the main component 
17 Superphosphate 850,000 2,911 1,397 3,959 1,374 nda nda nda BVT Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Ammonia, Acids and Fertilizer Industries (2007)  
18 Soft drinks 600,000 2,564 1,749 34 18 nda nda nda Rosenwinkel et al. (2015) and DWA M 766 and Nachhaltigkeits-bericht 2015 Coca Cola Deutschland 
19 Potato starch 10,000 45 633 57 nda nda nda DWA-M 776 and Rosenwinkel et al. (2015)  
20 Sanitary wastewater – 1,769 1,056 18 14 nda nda nda  
CATEGORY D: Other 
21 Sodium carbonate 1,200,000 28,603 1,216 1,106 205 nda 4,138,852 nda BVT Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Solids and Others industry (2007)  
 Sum  94,658        

nda: no data available; COD: chemical oxygen demand; N: total nitrogen; P: total phosphorus; TSS: total suspended solids; TDS: total dissolved solids; TS: total solids.

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