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Table 1

Steps undertaken by firms after crises and epidemic breakouts

DescriptionReferences
Reducing the level of investments Heshmati & Kim (2011)  
Decisions concerning R&D Flagg et al. (2011); Heshmati & Kim (2011)  
Closing part of the plant Softić (2010)  
Sending employees on mandatory leave Perry Work Report (2009)  
Shortening the worktime Dominguez et al. (2011); Sacchi et al. (2011)  
Redundancies Softić (2010); Burda & Hunt (2011); Dominguez et al. (2011); Kildienė et al. (2011)  
Production decrease Kildienė et al. (2011)  
Looking for new markets Archibugi et al. (2013)  
Offering new products/services Archibugi et al. (2013)  
Prolonging the payment deadlines Softić (2010)  
Shifting into telecommuting and home offices Ravaleta et al. (2017); Trappe (2020)  
Securing employment level Lieber (2009); Sherman (2010); Bosch (2010)  
Securing cash flow Oseifuah & Gyekye (2018)  
Securing supply continuity Howard et al. (2020); Hollands et al. (2007)  
DescriptionReferences
Reducing the level of investments Heshmati & Kim (2011)  
Decisions concerning R&D Flagg et al. (2011); Heshmati & Kim (2011)  
Closing part of the plant Softić (2010)  
Sending employees on mandatory leave Perry Work Report (2009)  
Shortening the worktime Dominguez et al. (2011); Sacchi et al. (2011)  
Redundancies Softić (2010); Burda & Hunt (2011); Dominguez et al. (2011); Kildienė et al. (2011)  
Production decrease Kildienė et al. (2011)  
Looking for new markets Archibugi et al. (2013)  
Offering new products/services Archibugi et al. (2013)  
Prolonging the payment deadlines Softić (2010)  
Shifting into telecommuting and home offices Ravaleta et al. (2017); Trappe (2020)  
Securing employment level Lieber (2009); Sherman (2010); Bosch (2010)  
Securing cash flow Oseifuah & Gyekye (2018)  
Securing supply continuity Howard et al. (2020); Hollands et al. (2007)  
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