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Table 4

Descriptive statistics

VariablesMeanSEMDSDSD2
1. Liquidation of part of the plant 0.10 0.041 0.0 0.0 0.445 0.198 12 
2. Sending employees on leave or furlough 2.59 0.205 2.0 0.0 2.207 4.869 301 
3. Working time reduction 1.57 0.204 0.0 0.0 2.196 4.821 182 
4. Employment reduction 0.35 0.098 0.0 0.0 1.057 1.117 41 
5. Production reduction 1.21 0.180 0.0 0.0 1.936 3.748 140 
6. Searching for new markets 0.33 0.061 0.0 0.0 0.656 0.431 38 
7. Offering new products and/or services 0.48 0.106 0.0 0.0 1.138 1.295 56 
8. Extension of payment deadlines for commitments 1.97 0.211 1.0 0.0 2.269 5.147 228 
9. Reduction in research and development expenditure 0.95 0.168 0.0 0.0 1.807 3.267 110 
10. Investment level reduction 3.47 0.204 4.0 4.0 2.197 4.825 402 
11. Searching for alternative distribution methods 0.53 0.128 0.0 0.0 1.373 1.886 62 
12. Changing work to become remote 3.66 0.206 4.0 4.0 2.214 4.903 425 
VariablesMeanSEMDSDSD2
1. Liquidation of part of the plant 0.10 0.041 0.0 0.0 0.445 0.198 12 
2. Sending employees on leave or furlough 2.59 0.205 2.0 0.0 2.207 4.869 301 
3. Working time reduction 1.57 0.204 0.0 0.0 2.196 4.821 182 
4. Employment reduction 0.35 0.098 0.0 0.0 1.057 1.117 41 
5. Production reduction 1.21 0.180 0.0 0.0 1.936 3.748 140 
6. Searching for new markets 0.33 0.061 0.0 0.0 0.656 0.431 38 
7. Offering new products and/or services 0.48 0.106 0.0 0.0 1.138 1.295 56 
8. Extension of payment deadlines for commitments 1.97 0.211 1.0 0.0 2.269 5.147 228 
9. Reduction in research and development expenditure 0.95 0.168 0.0 0.0 1.807 3.267 110 
10. Investment level reduction 3.47 0.204 4.0 4.0 2.197 4.825 402 
11. Searching for alternative distribution methods 0.53 0.128 0.0 0.0 1.373 1.886 62 
12. Changing work to become remote 3.66 0.206 4.0 4.0 2.214 4.903 425 

Scale: 0, no action taken; 1, no impact – 7, very big impact.

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