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Table 2

Descriptive statistics and correlation matrix

FdPOV1FdPOV2FdPOV3WaPOV1WaPOV2PRECTEMPAGRCERCO2ENEFORGDPcINF
Mean 81.56 6698.10 12.02 10.39 13.36 17.75 22.52 7.63 3853.42 50.47 92.57 2.80 15,269.19 30.97 
Median 34.00 3587.13 5.00 6.30 8.40 14.37 22.69 5.36 1911.75 47.92 98.93 1.09 5757.83 3.71 
Min. 3.00 968.70 5.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 11.95 0.09 86.10 22.22 0.00 0.00 679.67 −16.12 
Max. 695.00 39,470.99 76.80 45.70 76.30 73.10 29.01 34.44 74,205.60 89.67 100.00 13.42 72,670.96 448.50 
Std. Dev. 121.73 7946.52 13.47 11.22 15.74 13.77 3.74 7.09 7447.74 16.01 21.61 3.76 18,105.10 89.25 
Skewness 3.00 2.57 2.64 1.29 1.60 1.23 0.01 1.22 6.20 0.56 −3.92 1.64 1.56 3.74 
Kurtosis 13.22 10.26 10.83 4.11 5.29 4.39 1.91 4.35 47.82 2.55 16.91 4.60 4.51 15.64 
Observations 378 486 378 567 567 567 567 486 540 513 540 567 540 567 
Correlation matrix 
 FdPOV1              
 FdPOV2 −0.0360             
 FdPOV3 0.964*** −0.0774            
 WaPOV1 0.629*** −0.420*** 0.697***           
 WaPOV2 0.516*** −0.519*** 0.587*** 0.866***          
 PREC −0.117* 0.103 −0.104 0.149* 0.264***         
 TEMP 0.299*** 0.243*** 0.297*** 0.0339 −0.176** −0.646***        
 AGR 0.112 −0.702*** 0.177** 0.484*** 0.758*** 0.118* −0.256***       
 CER −0.158** 0.426*** −0.183** −0.371*** −0.378*** −0.295*** 0.247*** −0.239***      
 CO2 −0.0801 0.778*** − 0.127* −0.416*** −0.561*** −0.0777 0.353*** −0.673*** 0.368***     
 ENE 0.262*** 0.341*** 0.226*** −0.141* −0.298*** −0.468*** 0.504*** −0.512*** 0.223*** 0.298***    
 FOR −0.248*** −0.0381 −0.267*** 0.0806 0.254*** 0.851*** −0.745*** 0.216*** −0.298*** −0.149* −0.627***   
 GDPc 0.0647 0.895*** 0.0118 −0.373*** −0.515*** −0.208*** 0.512*** −0.674*** 0.438*** 0.761*** 0.427*** −0.320***  
 INF 0.227*** −0.317*** 0.258*** 0.202*** 0.438*** −0.0964 −0.100 0.462*** −0.120* −0.448*** 0.154** −0.110 −0.267*** 
FdPOV1FdPOV2FdPOV3WaPOV1WaPOV2PRECTEMPAGRCERCO2ENEFORGDPcINF
Mean 81.56 6698.10 12.02 10.39 13.36 17.75 22.52 7.63 3853.42 50.47 92.57 2.80 15,269.19 30.97 
Median 34.00 3587.13 5.00 6.30 8.40 14.37 22.69 5.36 1911.75 47.92 98.93 1.09 5757.83 3.71 
Min. 3.00 968.70 5.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 11.95 0.09 86.10 22.22 0.00 0.00 679.67 −16.12 
Max. 695.00 39,470.99 76.80 45.70 76.30 73.10 29.01 34.44 74,205.60 89.67 100.00 13.42 72,670.96 448.50 
Std. Dev. 121.73 7946.52 13.47 11.22 15.74 13.77 3.74 7.09 7447.74 16.01 21.61 3.76 18,105.10 89.25 
Skewness 3.00 2.57 2.64 1.29 1.60 1.23 0.01 1.22 6.20 0.56 −3.92 1.64 1.56 3.74 
Kurtosis 13.22 10.26 10.83 4.11 5.29 4.39 1.91 4.35 47.82 2.55 16.91 4.60 4.51 15.64 
Observations 378 486 378 567 567 567 567 486 540 513 540 567 540 567 
Correlation matrix 
 FdPOV1              
 FdPOV2 −0.0360             
 FdPOV3 0.964*** −0.0774            
 WaPOV1 0.629*** −0.420*** 0.697***           
 WaPOV2 0.516*** −0.519*** 0.587*** 0.866***          
 PREC −0.117* 0.103 −0.104 0.149* 0.264***         
 TEMP 0.299*** 0.243*** 0.297*** 0.0339 −0.176** −0.646***        
 AGR 0.112 −0.702*** 0.177** 0.484*** 0.758*** 0.118* −0.256***       
 CER −0.158** 0.426*** −0.183** −0.371*** −0.378*** −0.295*** 0.247*** −0.239***      
 CO2 −0.0801 0.778*** − 0.127* −0.416*** −0.561*** −0.0777 0.353*** −0.673*** 0.368***     
 ENE 0.262*** 0.341*** 0.226*** −0.141* −0.298*** −0.468*** 0.504*** −0.512*** 0.223*** 0.298***    
 FOR −0.248*** −0.0381 −0.267*** 0.0806 0.254*** 0.851*** −0.745*** 0.216*** −0.298*** −0.149* −0.627***   
 GDPc 0.0647 0.895*** 0.0118 −0.373*** −0.515*** −0.208*** 0.512*** −0.674*** 0.438*** 0.761*** 0.427*** −0.320***  
 INF 0.227*** −0.317*** 0.258*** 0.202*** 0.438*** −0.0964 −0.100 0.462*** −0.120* −0.448*** 0.154** −0.110 −0.267*** 

*p < 0.05.

**p < 0.01.

***p < 0.001.

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