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Table 5

The relative life-cycle impact analysis results for the studied mixing approaches

ParameterUnitMixing approach
MixerMultiple inletsSprinkler
Climate change kg CO2 eq 32.12 22.24 21.27 
Ozone depletion kg CFC-11 eq 4.3E-06 2.84E-06 2.33E-06 
Human toxicity, non-cancer effects CTUh 5.06E-06 3.92E-06 3.61E-06 
Human toxicity, cancer effects CTUh 2.60E-08 2.03E-08 1.83E-08 
Particulate matter kg PM2.5 eq 0.042 0.028 0.029 
Acidification molc Hþ eq 0.601 0.349 0.314 
Terrestrial eutrophication molc N eq 3.19 2.27 2.09 
Freshwater eutrophication kg P eq 8.69E-06 6.45 E-06 6.14 E-06 
Marine eutrophication kg N eq 0.32 0.21 0.19 
Freshwater ecotoxicity CTUe 19.51 10.89 9.41 
Land use kg C deficit 2.89 1.25 0.42 
Water resource depletion m3 water eq 0.009 0.031 0.012 
Mineral, fossil & resource depletion kg Sb eq 0.87E-13 1.49E-13 0.73E-13 
ParameterUnitMixing approach
MixerMultiple inletsSprinkler
Climate change kg CO2 eq 32.12 22.24 21.27 
Ozone depletion kg CFC-11 eq 4.3E-06 2.84E-06 2.33E-06 
Human toxicity, non-cancer effects CTUh 5.06E-06 3.92E-06 3.61E-06 
Human toxicity, cancer effects CTUh 2.60E-08 2.03E-08 1.83E-08 
Particulate matter kg PM2.5 eq 0.042 0.028 0.029 
Acidification molc Hþ eq 0.601 0.349 0.314 
Terrestrial eutrophication molc N eq 3.19 2.27 2.09 
Freshwater eutrophication kg P eq 8.69E-06 6.45 E-06 6.14 E-06 
Marine eutrophication kg N eq 0.32 0.21 0.19 
Freshwater ecotoxicity CTUe 19.51 10.89 9.41 
Land use kg C deficit 2.89 1.25 0.42 
Water resource depletion m3 water eq 0.009 0.031 0.012 
Mineral, fossil & resource depletion kg Sb eq 0.87E-13 1.49E-13 0.73E-13 
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