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Table 6

Prevalence of themes in urban water security

Water security themesPrevalence
n(%)4
Quantity of supply1 22 100.0 
Water quality & human health1 13 59.1 
Demand management2 12 54.5 
Reliability & resilience1 11 50.0 
Affordability1 36.4 
Community engagement2 36.4 
Liveability & wellbeing1 31.8 
Sustainability1,3 22.7 
Environment & ecosystem health1 18.2 
Economic productivity1 13.6 
Risk & certainty1 13.6 
Water-related hazards1 0.0 
Policy frameworks, political stability & institutional capacity1 0.0 
Water security themesPrevalence
n(%)4
Quantity of supply1 22 100.0 
Water quality & human health1 13 59.1 
Demand management2 12 54.5 
Reliability & resilience1 11 50.0 
Affordability1 36.4 
Community engagement2 36.4 
Liveability & wellbeing1 31.8 
Sustainability1,3 22.7 
Environment & ecosystem health1 18.2 
Economic productivity1 13.6 
Risk & certainty1 13.6 
Water-related hazards1 0.0 
Policy frameworks, political stability & institutional capacity1 0.0 

Notes: (1) Previously identified in literature as a water security theme (Allan et al. 2018). (2) New theme of urban water security. (3) Includes total water cycle management. (4) 100% = 22/22.

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