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Table 1

Information of the IGBP band value used in this study

Class nameBand valueClass description
Forest with needle leaf trees The canopy is greater than 2 m of evergreen conifer trees, the tree cover is greater than 60% area. 
Forest with broadleaf trees The canopy is greater than 2 m of evergreen with broad leaves and palmate trees, the tree cover greater than 60% area. 
Forest with deciduous needle leaf trees The canopy is over 2 m and the trees cover more than 60% of the deciduous needle leaf (larch) trees. 
Deciduous broadleaf forests The canopy is over 2 m and the trees cover more than 60% of the deciduous broad leaf trees. 
Forest with mixed trees Neither deciduous nor evergreen (40–60%) tree type, canopy more than 2 m and tree coverage of more than 60%. 
Wetlands with permanent water 11 Always swamped lands with 30–60% water cover and vegetal cover greater than 10%. 
Built-up lands and urban areas 13 Minimum 30% impervious surface area should have asphalt, other building materials and vehicles as well. 
Area with permanent snow and ice 15 60% area should be covered with snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year. 
Barren lands 16 At least 60% of barren areas made up of rocks, soil, and sand. The area of vegetation less than 10%. 
Water bodies 17 Stable water bodies covered the minimum 60% of area. 
Unclassified data 255 These are missing inputs and do not have map labels. 
Class nameBand valueClass description
Forest with needle leaf trees The canopy is greater than 2 m of evergreen conifer trees, the tree cover is greater than 60% area. 
Forest with broadleaf trees The canopy is greater than 2 m of evergreen with broad leaves and palmate trees, the tree cover greater than 60% area. 
Forest with deciduous needle leaf trees The canopy is over 2 m and the trees cover more than 60% of the deciduous needle leaf (larch) trees. 
Deciduous broadleaf forests The canopy is over 2 m and the trees cover more than 60% of the deciduous broad leaf trees. 
Forest with mixed trees Neither deciduous nor evergreen (40–60%) tree type, canopy more than 2 m and tree coverage of more than 60%. 
Wetlands with permanent water 11 Always swamped lands with 30–60% water cover and vegetal cover greater than 10%. 
Built-up lands and urban areas 13 Minimum 30% impervious surface area should have asphalt, other building materials and vehicles as well. 
Area with permanent snow and ice 15 60% area should be covered with snow and ice for at least 10 months of the year. 
Barren lands 16 At least 60% of barren areas made up of rocks, soil, and sand. The area of vegetation less than 10%. 
Water bodies 17 Stable water bodies covered the minimum 60% of area. 
Unclassified data 255 These are missing inputs and do not have map labels. 
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