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Table 1

Water quality parameters associated with their units, abbreviations, analytical methods and equipment used in this study

ParametersUnitAbbr.Analytical methodsEquipmentMethod (Standard Methods)
pH – pH pH-meter μ pH System 361 (Systronics) 4500-H+ B. 
Dissolved oxygen mg/L DO DO meter HQ30D Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter (Hach) 4500-O G. 
Total alkalinity mg/L TA Titrimetric ———————– 2320 B. 
Total hardness mg/L TH Titrimetric ———————– 2340 C. 
Turbidity NTU Tur Nephelometric Digital Nephelo Turbidity Meter 132 (Systronics) 2130 B. 
Total dissolved solids mg/L TDS Gravimetric  2540 B. 
Electrical conductivity μS/cm EC Electrometric Microprocessor TDS/Cond/SAL/Temperature Meter (MT-112TDS) (MANTI LAB SOLUTIONS) 2510 B. 
Sodium mg/L Na+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3500-Na B. 
Potassium mg/L K+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3500-K B. 
Calcium mg/L Ca2+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3111B,D 
Magnesium mg/L Mg Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Iron mg/L Fe Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Lead mg/L Pb Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Copper mg/L Cu Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Zinc mg/L Zn Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Manganese mg/L Mn Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Fluoride mg/L F Spectrophotometric Spectro V-11D (MRC) 4500-F D. 
Chloride mg/L Cl Titrimetric ———————– 4500-Cl– B. 
Sulfate mg/L SO42− Turbidimetric Digital Nephelo Turbidity Meter 132 (Systronics) 4500-SO42− E. 
Nitrate mg/L NO3 Spectrophotometric Cary 50 UV-Vis Spectrophotometer (Agilent Technologies) 4500-NO3 B. 
ParametersUnitAbbr.Analytical methodsEquipmentMethod (Standard Methods)
pH – pH pH-meter μ pH System 361 (Systronics) 4500-H+ B. 
Dissolved oxygen mg/L DO DO meter HQ30D Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter (Hach) 4500-O G. 
Total alkalinity mg/L TA Titrimetric ———————– 2320 B. 
Total hardness mg/L TH Titrimetric ———————– 2340 C. 
Turbidity NTU Tur Nephelometric Digital Nephelo Turbidity Meter 132 (Systronics) 2130 B. 
Total dissolved solids mg/L TDS Gravimetric  2540 B. 
Electrical conductivity μS/cm EC Electrometric Microprocessor TDS/Cond/SAL/Temperature Meter (MT-112TDS) (MANTI LAB SOLUTIONS) 2510 B. 
Sodium mg/L Na+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3500-Na B. 
Potassium mg/L K+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3500-K B. 
Calcium mg/L Ca2+ Flame photometer μ Controller Based Flame photometer with Compressor (Type 128) (Systronics) 3111B,D 
Magnesium mg/L Mg Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Iron mg/L Fe Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Lead mg/L Pb Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Copper mg/L Cu Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Zinc mg/L Zn Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Manganese mg/L Mn Atomic absorption spectroscopy iCE 3000 SERIES (Thermo Scientific) 3111 B. 
Fluoride mg/L F Spectrophotometric Spectro V-11D (MRC) 4500-F D. 
Chloride mg/L Cl Titrimetric ———————– 4500-Cl– B. 
Sulfate mg/L SO42− Turbidimetric Digital Nephelo Turbidity Meter 132 (Systronics) 4500-SO42− E. 
Nitrate mg/L NO3 Spectrophotometric Cary 50 UV-Vis Spectrophotometer (Agilent Technologies) 4500-NO3 B. 
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