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Table 1

References with flow measurements

ReferenceType of settling tankMeasurement scale (distribution of measurement points in the tank)Number of replicates
Larsen (1977) (cited as data for verification by Mazzolani et al. (1998), Wicklein & Samstag (2008)  Rectangular ST 2D full-scale – 
Imam (1981) cited by Imam et al. (1983) (cited as data for verification by Rostami et al. (2011)) Rectangular ST 2D laboratory-scale – 
Lindeborg et al. (1996)  Rectangular PST 3D full-scale – 
Winkler (2001)  Rectangular SST 2D pilot-scale 2–3, depending on the conditions 
Patziger (2007)  Circular SST 2D full-scale, one radial section 
Razmi et al. (2009)  Rectangular PST 2D laboratory-scale 
Burt (2010)  Circular SST 2D full-scale, one radial section 
Shahrokhi et al. (2013)  Rectangular PST 2D laboratory-scale 
Ramin et al. (2014)  Circular SST 3D full-scale – 
Patziger & Kiss (2015)  Rectangular PST 3D full-scale 3, for each load level 
Kemper (2016)  Stormwater ST: (1) without lamellae, (2) without lamellae, but with treated water troughs and (3) with lamellae and treated water troughs 3D laboratory-scale 2–4, depending on tank properties 
Gregušová et al. (2017)  Rectangular and circular ST 3D full-scale Not specified 
ReferenceType of settling tankMeasurement scale (distribution of measurement points in the tank)Number of replicates
Larsen (1977) (cited as data for verification by Mazzolani et al. (1998), Wicklein & Samstag (2008)  Rectangular ST 2D full-scale – 
Imam (1981) cited by Imam et al. (1983) (cited as data for verification by Rostami et al. (2011)) Rectangular ST 2D laboratory-scale – 
Lindeborg et al. (1996)  Rectangular PST 3D full-scale – 
Winkler (2001)  Rectangular SST 2D pilot-scale 2–3, depending on the conditions 
Patziger (2007)  Circular SST 2D full-scale, one radial section 
Razmi et al. (2009)  Rectangular PST 2D laboratory-scale 
Burt (2010)  Circular SST 2D full-scale, one radial section 
Shahrokhi et al. (2013)  Rectangular PST 2D laboratory-scale 
Ramin et al. (2014)  Circular SST 3D full-scale – 
Patziger & Kiss (2015)  Rectangular PST 3D full-scale 3, for each load level 
Kemper (2016)  Stormwater ST: (1) without lamellae, (2) without lamellae, but with treated water troughs and (3) with lamellae and treated water troughs 3D laboratory-scale 2–4, depending on tank properties 
Gregušová et al. (2017)  Rectangular and circular ST 3D full-scale Not specified 

Measurement scales and numbers of replicates are indicated. ST: primary settling tank; PST or SST: secondary settling tanks.

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