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Table 5

Arsenic rejection (%) by commercial NF membranes

ModelSupplierWater originRejection (%)
References
As (III)As (V)
NF70 4040-B FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Surface water 53 99 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
NF90  Ground/surface water 50 90 Yoon et al. (2011)  
HL-4040F1550 DESAL Surface water 21 99 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
4040-UHA-ESNA Hydranautics Surface water 30 97 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
NF45 FILM Tec Synthetic water 10 90 Levenstein et al. (1996)  
ES-10 Nitto-Denko Co.Ltd Groundwater 50–89 87–93 Vrijenhoek & Waypa (2000)  
ES-10 Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Synthetic water 80 97 Urase et al. (1998)  
NTR-729HF Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Synthetic water 21 94 Urase et al. (1998)  
NTR-7250 Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Groundwater 10 86 Urase et al. (1998)  
192-NF300 Osmonics Inc. Pure water – 93–99 Sato et al. (2002); Ergican et al. (2005) 
Volcan river – 95 
NF1 + pre-oxidation Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 63 98 Sen et al. (2010), Pal et al. (2014) 
NF2 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 57 96 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF20 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 60 96 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF1 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water – >98 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF70 FILM Tec Freshwater 99 99 Sato et al. (2002)  
NF40  Ground/surface water 15 >90 Hering & Elimelech (1996); Oh et al. (2000)  
NF270 FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Groundwater – 99 Saitúa et al. (2005)  
NFc FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Groundwater – 96 Spiegler & Kedem (1966), Saitúa et al. (2005)  
ModelSupplierWater originRejection (%)
References
As (III)As (V)
NF70 4040-B FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Surface water 53 99 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
NF90  Ground/surface water 50 90 Yoon et al. (2011)  
HL-4040F1550 DESAL Surface water 21 99 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
4040-UHA-ESNA Hydranautics Surface water 30 97 Katsoyiannis et al. (2002)  
NF45 FILM Tec Synthetic water 10 90 Levenstein et al. (1996)  
ES-10 Nitto-Denko Co.Ltd Groundwater 50–89 87–93 Vrijenhoek & Waypa (2000)  
ES-10 Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Synthetic water 80 97 Urase et al. (1998)  
NTR-729HF Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Synthetic water 21 94 Urase et al. (1998)  
NTR-7250 Nitto Electric/ Industrial Co.Japan Groundwater 10 86 Urase et al. (1998)  
192-NF300 Osmonics Inc. Pure water – 93–99 Sato et al. (2002); Ergican et al. (2005) 
Volcan river – 95 
NF1 + pre-oxidation Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 63 98 Sen et al. (2010), Pal et al. (2014) 
NF2 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 57 96 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF20 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water 60 96 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF1 Sepro membranes, Inc. Ground/surface water – >98 Pal et al. (2014)  
NF70 FILM Tec Freshwater 99 99 Sato et al. (2002)  
NF40  Ground/surface water 15 >90 Hering & Elimelech (1996); Oh et al. (2000)  
NF270 FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Groundwater – 99 Saitúa et al. (2005)  
NFc FILM Tec (Dow Chemical) Groundwater – 96 Spiegler & Kedem (1966), Saitúa et al. (2005)  
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