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Table 1

Use of sanitation facilities in Nigeria, 1990–2018

Percentage of the population in:
Sanitation facility1990200020082010201120122013201520172018
Open defecationa 24 23 22 22 23 23 29 25 20 24 
Unimprovedb 14 18 20 22 22 23 17 22 21 18 
Sharedc 24 27 26 25 24 26 20 24 21 16 
Improvedd 38 32 32 31 31 28 34 29 39 42 
Percentage of the population in:
Sanitation facility1990200020082010201120122013201520172018
Open defecationa 24 23 22 22 23 23 29 25 20 24 
Unimprovedb 14 18 20 22 22 23 17 22 21 18 
Sharedc 24 27 26 25 24 26 20 24 21 16 
Improvedd 38 32 32 31 31 28 34 29 39 42 

Sources: FMWR (2016a); NBS (2018); UNICEF and WHO (2019).

aIncludes the use of open fields, forests, open bodies of water, or other open spaces, beaches, or disposed with solid waste.

bIncludes the use of pit latrines without a platform, hanging latrines, or bucket toilets.

cIncludes the use of acceptable sanitation facilities but shared between two or more households.

dIncludes the use of flush/pour toilets, ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines, pit latrines with slab, and composting toilets (FMWR 2016a).

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