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Table 2

Variables for assessing SDI in the study area

S/NSDI componentVariablesOptions
WaSH Water Unimproved source (open dug well, water vendor
bottled water, sachet water, and stream)
Improved sources (piped public tap, public standpipe, borehole, protected dug well and rainwater) 
  Sanitation Unimproved sanitation facilities (public or shared latrine, open-pit latrine, bucket latrine, pour-flush latrine without connection, surface water, and open space)
Improved sanitation facilities (connection to a public sewer, connection to a septic system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit latrine, and ventilated improved pit latrine) 
  Hygiene A place for handwashing
Material for washing hand 
DPE Dwelling type Housing unit types
Total number of residents per dwelling 
  Physical Environment Presence of stagnant or sewage water near dwelling
Presence of solid waste piles near dwelling
Availability of waste bin in household
Type of waste bin
Method of waste disposal 
S/NSDI componentVariablesOptions
WaSH Water Unimproved source (open dug well, water vendor
bottled water, sachet water, and stream)
Improved sources (piped public tap, public standpipe, borehole, protected dug well and rainwater) 
  Sanitation Unimproved sanitation facilities (public or shared latrine, open-pit latrine, bucket latrine, pour-flush latrine without connection, surface water, and open space)
Improved sanitation facilities (connection to a public sewer, connection to a septic system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit latrine, and ventilated improved pit latrine) 
  Hygiene A place for handwashing
Material for washing hand 
DPE Dwelling type Housing unit types
Total number of residents per dwelling 
  Physical Environment Presence of stagnant or sewage water near dwelling
Presence of solid waste piles near dwelling
Availability of waste bin in household
Type of waste bin
Method of waste disposal 

Source: Author's fieldwork (2016).

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