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Table 1.

Descriptive statistics of various institutional and performance variables/items of water sector.

S. No.Variable/itemMin.Max.MeanMedianSD
WL Water law 
 1.  How strong are the legal linkages      
 1.1  Between land and groundwater (WL_LG) 10 5.00 5.00 2.96 
 1.2  Between land and surface water (WL_LS) 10 5.97 6.00 2.60 
 1.3  Between forest, environment and water (WL_FEW) 10 5.21 5.00 2.63 
 2.  How effective are the legal provisions for conflict-resolution      
 2.1  Local level (among users) (WL_CRL) 10 3.67 3.00 2.63 
 2.2  State level (among regions and sectors) (WL_CRS) 3.74 3.00 2.14 
 2.3  National level (among states and sector) (WL_CRN) 10 4.26 5.00 2.47 
 3.  How effective are the legal provisions for coordination mechanism between      
 3.1  Local level (among users) (WL_CML) 2.95 3.00 2.00 
 3.2  State level (among regions and sectors) (WL_CMS) 3.53 3.00 1.81 
 3.3  National level (among states and sector) (WL_CMN) 10 4.10 4.00 2.30 
 4.  How effective are the accountability provisions      
 4.1  For officials (WL_AO) 2.85 2.00 1.92 
 4.2  For users (WL_AU) 2.83 2.00 1.89 
 5.  How effective are the overall legal provisions in protecting water quality (WL_WQ) 3.75 3.00 2.12 
 6.  How strong is the tendency toward centralization (WL_CN) 10 5.92 6.00 2.72 
 7.  How integrated are water law with other laws related to land, forest and environment (WL_WLFE) 3.44 3.00 2.08 
WP Water policy 
 1.  How effective are the water transfer policies      
 1.1  Inter-regional (WP_IR) 10 4.14 4.00 2.54 
 1.2  inter-sectoral (WP_IS) 3.83 2.50 2.56 
 2.  Impact of private sector promotion policy (WP_PS) 4.36 4.00 1.89 
 3.  Impact of policy for promoting users' participation (WP_UP) 4.92 5.00 2.47 
 4.  Extent of influence of other policies on water development/use      
 4.1  Agricultural policies (WP_AG) 10 6.05 6.00 2.66 
 4.2  Energy and power policies (WP_EP) 10 5.82 6.00 2.44 
 4.3  Pollution control and environmental policies (WP_PC) 10 4.33 4.00 2.20 
 4.4  Fiscal policies (WP_FP) 4.15 5.00 2.39 
 5.  Extent of linkage between water law and water policy (WP_WLP) 3.78 4.00 1.79 
 6.  How well does water policy reflect water law (WP_PRL) 3.72 3.50 1.83 
 7.  How effective is the overall water policy in addressing sectoral challenges (WP_OP) 3.87 3.00 1.99 
WA Water administration 
 1.  How effective is the organization basis (WA_OB) 4.05 4.00 1.99 
 2.  How balanced is the functional specialization within the water administration (WA_FS) 4.00 4.00 1.85 
 3.  How serious is the budget constraint in order to meet the modernization and strengthening objective (WA_BC) 4.03 4.00 2.40 
 4.  How effective are the regulatory mechanisms (WA_RM) 3.28 3.00 1.56 
 5.  Adequacy and relevance of the information base (WA_IF) 3.79 3.00 1.85 
 6.  Extent of science and technology application within water administration (WA_ST) 3.93 3.50 1.99 
 7. How adequate is the administrative setup to operationalize water policy and water law (WA_OPL) 3.53 3.00 1.64 
WSP Water sector performance 
 1.  How effective is the physical performance (OPP) 3.78 3.50 1.76 
 2.  How effective is the financial performance (OFP)      
 2.1  Actual investment vs investment requirements 3.11 3.00 1.60 
 2.2  Cost recovery vs expenditure 2.51 2.00 1.30 
 3.  How effective is the economic efficiency (OEP)      
 3.1  Extent water prices cover supply cost 2.82 2.00 1.57 
 3.2  Extent water prices cover scarcity value 2.44 2.00 1.65 
 4.  How effective is the equity performance (OEQP) 2.97 3.00 1.84 
 5.  How effective is the ecological performance (OECP) 2.85 3.00 1.70 
S. No.Variable/itemMin.Max.MeanMedianSD
WL Water law 
 1.  How strong are the legal linkages      
 1.1  Between land and groundwater (WL_LG) 10 5.00 5.00 2.96 
 1.2  Between land and surface water (WL_LS) 10 5.97 6.00 2.60 
 1.3  Between forest, environment and water (WL_FEW) 10 5.21 5.00 2.63 
 2.  How effective are the legal provisions for conflict-resolution      
 2.1  Local level (among users) (WL_CRL) 10 3.67 3.00 2.63 
 2.2  State level (among regions and sectors) (WL_CRS) 3.74 3.00 2.14 
 2.3  National level (among states and sector) (WL_CRN) 10 4.26 5.00 2.47 
 3.  How effective are the legal provisions for coordination mechanism between      
 3.1  Local level (among users) (WL_CML) 2.95 3.00 2.00 
 3.2  State level (among regions and sectors) (WL_CMS) 3.53 3.00 1.81 
 3.3  National level (among states and sector) (WL_CMN) 10 4.10 4.00 2.30 
 4.  How effective are the accountability provisions      
 4.1  For officials (WL_AO) 2.85 2.00 1.92 
 4.2  For users (WL_AU) 2.83 2.00 1.89 
 5.  How effective are the overall legal provisions in protecting water quality (WL_WQ) 3.75 3.00 2.12 
 6.  How strong is the tendency toward centralization (WL_CN) 10 5.92 6.00 2.72 
 7.  How integrated are water law with other laws related to land, forest and environment (WL_WLFE) 3.44 3.00 2.08 
WP Water policy 
 1.  How effective are the water transfer policies      
 1.1  Inter-regional (WP_IR) 10 4.14 4.00 2.54 
 1.2  inter-sectoral (WP_IS) 3.83 2.50 2.56 
 2.  Impact of private sector promotion policy (WP_PS) 4.36 4.00 1.89 
 3.  Impact of policy for promoting users' participation (WP_UP) 4.92 5.00 2.47 
 4.  Extent of influence of other policies on water development/use      
 4.1  Agricultural policies (WP_AG) 10 6.05 6.00 2.66 
 4.2  Energy and power policies (WP_EP) 10 5.82 6.00 2.44 
 4.3  Pollution control and environmental policies (WP_PC) 10 4.33 4.00 2.20 
 4.4  Fiscal policies (WP_FP) 4.15 5.00 2.39 
 5.  Extent of linkage between water law and water policy (WP_WLP) 3.78 4.00 1.79 
 6.  How well does water policy reflect water law (WP_PRL) 3.72 3.50 1.83 
 7.  How effective is the overall water policy in addressing sectoral challenges (WP_OP) 3.87 3.00 1.99 
WA Water administration 
 1.  How effective is the organization basis (WA_OB) 4.05 4.00 1.99 
 2.  How balanced is the functional specialization within the water administration (WA_FS) 4.00 4.00 1.85 
 3.  How serious is the budget constraint in order to meet the modernization and strengthening objective (WA_BC) 4.03 4.00 2.40 
 4.  How effective are the regulatory mechanisms (WA_RM) 3.28 3.00 1.56 
 5.  Adequacy and relevance of the information base (WA_IF) 3.79 3.00 1.85 
 6.  Extent of science and technology application within water administration (WA_ST) 3.93 3.50 1.99 
 7. How adequate is the administrative setup to operationalize water policy and water law (WA_OPL) 3.53 3.00 1.64 
WSP Water sector performance 
 1.  How effective is the physical performance (OPP) 3.78 3.50 1.76 
 2.  How effective is the financial performance (OFP)      
 2.1  Actual investment vs investment requirements 3.11 3.00 1.60 
 2.2  Cost recovery vs expenditure 2.51 2.00 1.30 
 3.  How effective is the economic efficiency (OEP)      
 3.1  Extent water prices cover supply cost 2.82 2.00 1.57 
 3.2  Extent water prices cover scarcity value 2.44 2.00 1.65 
 4.  How effective is the equity performance (OEQP) 2.97 3.00 1.84 
 5.  How effective is the ecological performance (OECP) 2.85 3.00 1.70 
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