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Table 2.

Description and summary statistics (mean and percentage) of the variables used in the binary logistics model (n = 150).

VariablesDescriptionAdoptersNon-AdoptersSignificance
Adoption Dependent variable: adoption of MUWS 92 58  
Educationa Education of the respondent (%) 
 Illiterate (%) 28 72 0.037d 
 Primary education (%) 26 74 0.090 
 Secondary education (%) 49 51 0.092 
 Higher secondary and above education (%) 71 29 0.016d 
Castea Caste of the respondent (%) 
 Dalit (%) 75 25 0.008d 
 Janajati (%) 57 43 0.816 
 Bhramin/Chhetri (%) 53 47 0.012d 
Household sizeb Total household members (in number) 0.707 
Total landholdingsb Total landholdings owned by the respondents (ha) 0.26 0.21 0.092 
Landholdings under vegetables production Area under vegetable production (ha) 0.051 0.012 0.845 
Agricultural cropsa Agricultural crops grown 65 35 0.134 
Occupationa Occupation of the respondent (%) 
 Agriculture (%) 55 45 0.275 
 Business (%) 62 38 0.981 
 Service (%) 62 38 0.954 
 Remittance (%) 66 34 0.514 
 Wage Labour (%) 64 36 0.812 
Household sharing tapa Water tap stand shared by households 61 39 0.000c 
Water tariffa Water tariff 73 27 0.000c 
Water volumeb Daily water use (liters) 292 174 0.000c 
Water storage systema Availability of storage system for collected water 61 39 0.954 
Water insufficiencya Water sufficiency for domestic uses in dry seasons 73 27 0.000c 
Water purificationa Access to water purification 30 70 0.008d 
Food sufficiencya Food sufficiency for the whole year 61 39 0.929 
Economic benefita Economic benefit from vegetable farming 74 26 0.000c 
Time spentb Time spent in fetching water (hours) 0.115 
Water accessa Access to water 66 34 0.001c 
Water qualitya Quality of water used for drinking purposes 61 39 0.007d 
VariablesDescriptionAdoptersNon-AdoptersSignificance
Adoption Dependent variable: adoption of MUWS 92 58  
Educationa Education of the respondent (%) 
 Illiterate (%) 28 72 0.037d 
 Primary education (%) 26 74 0.090 
 Secondary education (%) 49 51 0.092 
 Higher secondary and above education (%) 71 29 0.016d 
Castea Caste of the respondent (%) 
 Dalit (%) 75 25 0.008d 
 Janajati (%) 57 43 0.816 
 Bhramin/Chhetri (%) 53 47 0.012d 
Household sizeb Total household members (in number) 0.707 
Total landholdingsb Total landholdings owned by the respondents (ha) 0.26 0.21 0.092 
Landholdings under vegetables production Area under vegetable production (ha) 0.051 0.012 0.845 
Agricultural cropsa Agricultural crops grown 65 35 0.134 
Occupationa Occupation of the respondent (%) 
 Agriculture (%) 55 45 0.275 
 Business (%) 62 38 0.981 
 Service (%) 62 38 0.954 
 Remittance (%) 66 34 0.514 
 Wage Labour (%) 64 36 0.812 
Household sharing tapa Water tap stand shared by households 61 39 0.000c 
Water tariffa Water tariff 73 27 0.000c 
Water volumeb Daily water use (liters) 292 174 0.000c 
Water storage systema Availability of storage system for collected water 61 39 0.954 
Water insufficiencya Water sufficiency for domestic uses in dry seasons 73 27 0.000c 
Water purificationa Access to water purification 30 70 0.008d 
Food sufficiencya Food sufficiency for the whole year 61 39 0.929 
Economic benefita Economic benefit from vegetable farming 74 26 0.000c 
Time spentb Time spent in fetching water (hours) 0.115 
Water accessa Access to water 66 34 0.001c 
Water qualitya Quality of water used for drinking purposes 61 39 0.007d 

aDummy variable.

bContinuous variable.

cp < 0.001.

dp < 0.05.

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