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Table 2

Comparison of turbidity (TN) removal efficiency using various plant-derived flocculants

Types of wastewaterTurbidity removal efficiency (%)Plants as sources of flocculantsReferences
Compost leachate wastewater 62.4 Salvia hispanica Tawakkoly et al. (2019)  
Synthetic turbid water <5.0 NTU Moringa oleifera Zaid et al. (2019)  
Industrial wastewater 19.5 Opuntia ficus-indica Srarfi et al. (2018)  
Urban wastewater 93.6 Opuntia ficus-indica Rachdi et al. (2017)  
Laundry wastewater 97.2 Abelmoschus esculentus Freitas et al. (2015)  
 91.2 Opuntia ficus-indica De Souza et al. (2014)  
 83.6 Moringa oleifera Al-Gheethi et al. (2017)  
Textile effluent 91.6 Opuntia ficus-indica Bouatay & Mhenni (2014)  
Tannery effluent 82.0 Moringa oleifera Kazi & Virupakshi (2013)  
 78.5 Opuntia ficus-indica Kazi & Virupakshi (2013)  
Synthetic turbid water 72,0 Aloe vera Irma et al. (2015)  
Synthetic turbid water 86.0 Moringa oleifera Qureshi et al. (2011)  
 98.0 Mangifera indica Qureshi et al. (2011)  
Types of wastewaterTurbidity removal efficiency (%)Plants as sources of flocculantsReferences
Compost leachate wastewater 62.4 Salvia hispanica Tawakkoly et al. (2019)  
Synthetic turbid water <5.0 NTU Moringa oleifera Zaid et al. (2019)  
Industrial wastewater 19.5 Opuntia ficus-indica Srarfi et al. (2018)  
Urban wastewater 93.6 Opuntia ficus-indica Rachdi et al. (2017)  
Laundry wastewater 97.2 Abelmoschus esculentus Freitas et al. (2015)  
 91.2 Opuntia ficus-indica De Souza et al. (2014)  
 83.6 Moringa oleifera Al-Gheethi et al. (2017)  
Textile effluent 91.6 Opuntia ficus-indica Bouatay & Mhenni (2014)  
Tannery effluent 82.0 Moringa oleifera Kazi & Virupakshi (2013)  
 78.5 Opuntia ficus-indica Kazi & Virupakshi (2013)  
Synthetic turbid water 72,0 Aloe vera Irma et al. (2015)  
Synthetic turbid water 86.0 Moringa oleifera Qureshi et al. (2011)  
 98.0 Mangifera indica Qureshi et al. (2011)  
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