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Table 3

Educational, behavioural and occupational attitudes of rural inhabitants as risk factors of urogenital schistosomiasis in Takum LGA, Taraba State, Nigeria

Risk factorsNo. examinedNo. positive (%)cOR%95CIp-value
Swimming     0.189 
Yes 320 235 (73.4) 0.91 0.55–1.68  
No 77 43 (55.8)    
Fishing     0.168 
Yes 180 141 (78.3) 2.64 0.87–7.46  
No 217 137 63.1)    
Swimming and fishing     0.415 
Yes 183 137 (74.8) 2.54 0.87–7.46  
No 214 141 (65.8)    
Washing in water bodies     0.651 
Yes 257 215 (83.6) 0.92 0.56–1.50  
No 140 63 (45.0)    
Season of playing in water     0.043 
Dry season 266 224 (84.2) 0.92 0.56–1.50  
Rainy season 167 18(10.7)    
Education     0.001 
Formal 218 69 (31.6) 0.55 0.38–0.77  
Non-formal 457 209 (45.7)    
Occupation     0.002 
Farmer 177 86 (48.5) 0.80 0.33–1.41  
Non-farmer 498 192 (38.5)    
Risk factorsNo. examinedNo. positive (%)cOR%95CIp-value
Swimming     0.189 
Yes 320 235 (73.4) 0.91 0.55–1.68  
No 77 43 (55.8)    
Fishing     0.168 
Yes 180 141 (78.3) 2.64 0.87–7.46  
No 217 137 63.1)    
Swimming and fishing     0.415 
Yes 183 137 (74.8) 2.54 0.87–7.46  
No 214 141 (65.8)    
Washing in water bodies     0.651 
Yes 257 215 (83.6) 0.92 0.56–1.50  
No 140 63 (45.0)    
Season of playing in water     0.043 
Dry season 266 224 (84.2) 0.92 0.56–1.50  
Rainy season 167 18(10.7)    
Education     0.001 
Formal 218 69 (31.6) 0.55 0.38–0.77  
Non-formal 457 209 (45.7)    
Occupation     0.002 
Farmer 177 86 (48.5) 0.80 0.33–1.41  
Non-farmer 498 192 (38.5)    

cOR, crude odds ratio.

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