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Table 3

Changes of handwashing of people with good versus poor mental health

BehaviorGood mental health
Poor mental health
Diff. in changes
M (SD)FM (SD)BLM (SD) diff. of mean t-testM (SD) FM (SD)BLM (SD) diff. of mean t-testp-value
Handwashing with soap (combined factor) 4.02 (1.09) 3.27 (1.38) 0.75 (1.72)*** 3.79 (1.22) 3.36 (1.39) 0.43 (1.83)** 0.028 
BehaviorGood mental health
Poor mental health
Diff. in changes
M (SD)FM (SD)BLM (SD) diff. of mean t-testM (SD) FM (SD)BLM (SD) diff. of mean t-testp-value
Handwashing with soap (combined factor) 4.02 (1.09) 3.27 (1.38) 0.75 (1.72)*** 3.79 (1.22) 3.36 (1.39) 0.43 (1.83)** 0.028 

Note. Good mental health N = 466; poor mental health N = 169. Handwashing with soap combined factor: before eating + after using the toilet). Baseline (BL); Follow-up (F); Difference (diff), t-test.

*p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001.

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