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Table 1

Statistical description and results of MK test for climatic factors and ETo

Statistical descriptionMin. Temp (°C)Max. Temp (°C)Mean Temp (°C)Rainfall (mm)RH (%)Wind speed (kmph)Sunshine duration (h)Radiation (MJ/m2)ETo (mm)
Time period Annual (January–December) 
Minimum 16.00 28.20 22.45 385.10 62.00 3.29 6.60 16.40 3.56 
Maximum 18.50 30.70 24.50 1,316.80 71.00 4.58 9.10 19.50 4.22 
Mean 17.19 29.73 23.46 787.28 65.88 4.27 7.86 18.00 3.87 
Std dev 0.57 0.58 0.49 266.79 2.32 0.28 0.75 0.93 0.15 
CV(%) 34 10 3.83 
MK value (Z4.37 1.19 3.19 −0.70 1.72 −3.15 −5.82 −5.62 −0.28 
Sen's slope 0.05 0.01 0.03 −4.17 0.09 −0.01 −0.07 −0.09 −0.01 
Time period Rice-growing season (Kharif: May–October) 
Minimum 22.52 33.03 28.33 292.20 57.83 3.74 6.42 18.15 4.53 
Maximum 25.18 35.65 30.25 1,254.80 71.67 5.28 9.77 22.82 5.59 
Mean 23.89 34.81 29.35 695.20 64.56 4.81 8.17 20.59 5.03 
Std dev 0.63 0.58 0.48 284.45 3.19 0.31 0.83 1.16 0.23 
CV(%) 41 10 4.67 
MK value (Z2.70 0.07 2.50 −1.30 0.71 0.40 −0.40 −3.90 −0.16 
Sen's slope 0.24 0.07 0.20 −41.29 0.17 −0.04 −0.41 −0.57 −0.01 
Time period Wheat growing season (Rabi: November–April) 
Minimum 9.43 23.28 16.64 36.60 63.00 68.17 6.05 13.72 2.50 
Maximum 11.73 26.08 18.78 245.50 73.83 109.00 8.93 17.00 2.87 
Mean 10.57 24.75 17.66 116.64 67.20 90.13 7.53 15.41 2.71 
Std dev 0.61 0.83 0.61 51.84 2.64 8.83 0.76 0.83 0.11 
CV(%) 44 10 10 3.99 
MK value (Z2.21 −0.30 0.50 0.30 2.01 −2.21 −4.50 −4.50 −0.27 
Sen's slope 0.19 −0.02 0.09 10.70 0.68 −3.38 −0.44 −0.47 −0.05 
Statistical descriptionMin. Temp (°C)Max. Temp (°C)Mean Temp (°C)Rainfall (mm)RH (%)Wind speed (kmph)Sunshine duration (h)Radiation (MJ/m2)ETo (mm)
Time period Annual (January–December) 
Minimum 16.00 28.20 22.45 385.10 62.00 3.29 6.60 16.40 3.56 
Maximum 18.50 30.70 24.50 1,316.80 71.00 4.58 9.10 19.50 4.22 
Mean 17.19 29.73 23.46 787.28 65.88 4.27 7.86 18.00 3.87 
Std dev 0.57 0.58 0.49 266.79 2.32 0.28 0.75 0.93 0.15 
CV(%) 34 10 3.83 
MK value (Z4.37 1.19 3.19 −0.70 1.72 −3.15 −5.82 −5.62 −0.28 
Sen's slope 0.05 0.01 0.03 −4.17 0.09 −0.01 −0.07 −0.09 −0.01 
Time period Rice-growing season (Kharif: May–October) 
Minimum 22.52 33.03 28.33 292.20 57.83 3.74 6.42 18.15 4.53 
Maximum 25.18 35.65 30.25 1,254.80 71.67 5.28 9.77 22.82 5.59 
Mean 23.89 34.81 29.35 695.20 64.56 4.81 8.17 20.59 5.03 
Std dev 0.63 0.58 0.48 284.45 3.19 0.31 0.83 1.16 0.23 
CV(%) 41 10 4.67 
MK value (Z2.70 0.07 2.50 −1.30 0.71 0.40 −0.40 −3.90 −0.16 
Sen's slope 0.24 0.07 0.20 −41.29 0.17 −0.04 −0.41 −0.57 −0.01 
Time period Wheat growing season (Rabi: November–April) 
Minimum 9.43 23.28 16.64 36.60 63.00 68.17 6.05 13.72 2.50 
Maximum 11.73 26.08 18.78 245.50 73.83 109.00 8.93 17.00 2.87 
Mean 10.57 24.75 17.66 116.64 67.20 90.13 7.53 15.41 2.71 
Std dev 0.61 0.83 0.61 51.84 2.64 8.83 0.76 0.83 0.11 
CV(%) 44 10 10 3.99 
MK value (Z2.21 −0.30 0.50 0.30 2.01 −2.21 −4.50 −4.50 −0.27 
Sen's slope 0.19 −0.02 0.09 10.70 0.68 −3.38 −0.44 −0.47 −0.05 

Values in bold are significant at α = 0.05.

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