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Table 1

Factors affecting RWH system performance in Kenya

S/NCategorySource
 Technical challenges  
1. Inadequate design (inappropriate catchments, design rainfall and storage) Munyao (2014), Matiti (2018) and Annastacia (2018)  
2. Seepage and evaporation losses Wachira (2013) and Kimani et al. (2015)  
3. Siltation Thome (2005) and Karara (2018)  
4. Lack of effective operations and maintenance program Wanyonyi (1998) and Ngigi et al.(2005)  
 Socioeconomic factors  
5. Ineffective management of RWH systems Ngigi et al. (2005) and Black et al. (2012)  
6.  Inefficient water utilization Njuguna (2014)  
S/NCategorySource
 Technical challenges  
1. Inadequate design (inappropriate catchments, design rainfall and storage) Munyao (2014), Matiti (2018) and Annastacia (2018)  
2. Seepage and evaporation losses Wachira (2013) and Kimani et al. (2015)  
3. Siltation Thome (2005) and Karara (2018)  
4. Lack of effective operations and maintenance program Wanyonyi (1998) and Ngigi et al.(2005)  
 Socioeconomic factors  
5. Ineffective management of RWH systems Ngigi et al. (2005) and Black et al. (2012)  
6.  Inefficient water utilization Njuguna (2014)  
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