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Table 1.

The overview of variables.

Variable categoryVariable nameVariable definitionMeanS.D.
Dependent variable Willingness to participate Willing = 1, unwilling = 0 0.842 0.365 
 Degree of participation Willingness to pay for eco-compensation to upstream ecosystem providers/yuan 282.028 356.838 
Independent variable Psychological ownership Self-efficacy   
  Whether you believe you have the ability to contribute to the improvement of the basin's ecological environment 3.267 0.922 
  Do you believe that the basin environment can be improved by changing your daily production and lifestyle? 3.443 0.979 
  Do you have the confidence to contribute to the improvement of the basin's environment? 3.625 0.928 
  Accountability   
  Whether he will inquire if someone damages the river basin environment 3.104 0.902 
  Whether he will report or complain to the management department if someone damages the river basin environment 3.226 1.010 
  Identity belongingness   
  Do you have a sense of belonging to the watershed? 3.899 0.979 
  Do you agree that protecting the ecological environment of the watershed is a citizen's duty and obligation? 4.232 0.884 
Control variable Age Age of respondent 48.926 15.077 
 Education No schooling = 1, primary school = 2, junior high school = 3, senior high school = 4, junior college = 5, bachelor degree or above = 6 3.641 1.327 
 Per capita household income Per capita income of respondents’ families (ten thousand yuan) 1.693 1.289 
 Consumption habits Whether there is impulse or blind consumption behavior: never = 1, occasionally = 2, general = 3, more = 4, very much = 5 1.956 0.783 
 Institutional trust The degree of trust in the government 3.226 0.758 
 Risk preference Risk aversion = 1, risk neutral = 2, risk preference = 3 1.535 0.555 
Variable categoryVariable nameVariable definitionMeanS.D.
Dependent variable Willingness to participate Willing = 1, unwilling = 0 0.842 0.365 
 Degree of participation Willingness to pay for eco-compensation to upstream ecosystem providers/yuan 282.028 356.838 
Independent variable Psychological ownership Self-efficacy   
  Whether you believe you have the ability to contribute to the improvement of the basin's ecological environment 3.267 0.922 
  Do you believe that the basin environment can be improved by changing your daily production and lifestyle? 3.443 0.979 
  Do you have the confidence to contribute to the improvement of the basin's environment? 3.625 0.928 
  Accountability   
  Whether he will inquire if someone damages the river basin environment 3.104 0.902 
  Whether he will report or complain to the management department if someone damages the river basin environment 3.226 1.010 
  Identity belongingness   
  Do you have a sense of belonging to the watershed? 3.899 0.979 
  Do you agree that protecting the ecological environment of the watershed is a citizen's duty and obligation? 4.232 0.884 
Control variable Age Age of respondent 48.926 15.077 
 Education No schooling = 1, primary school = 2, junior high school = 3, senior high school = 4, junior college = 5, bachelor degree or above = 6 3.641 1.327 
 Per capita household income Per capita income of respondents’ families (ten thousand yuan) 1.693 1.289 
 Consumption habits Whether there is impulse or blind consumption behavior: never = 1, occasionally = 2, general = 3, more = 4, very much = 5 1.956 0.783 
 Institutional trust The degree of trust in the government 3.226 0.758 
 Risk preference Risk aversion = 1, risk neutral = 2, risk preference = 3 1.535 0.555 
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