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Table 3

Predictors of pupils’ personal hygiene (N = 2,035)

VariablesGood personal hygiene
OR adjusted (95% CI)P-value
No n (%)Yes n (%)
Characteristics of pupils     
Gender     
Female 208 (24.8) 632 (75.2) 0.000 
Male 433 (36.2) 762 (63.8) 0.58 (0.47–0.71) 
Age (years)    0.150 
10 and above 208 (25.9) 595 (74.1) 
<10 433 (35.1) 799 (64.9) 1.54 (0.85–2.75) 
Class     
Elementary course 203 (29.4) 488 (70.6)  
Middle course 160 (25,5) 468 (74.5) 1.07 (0.79–1.44) 0.649 
Preparatory course 278 (38.8) 438 (61.2) 0.73 (0.57–0.95) 0.020 
School sanitation    0.012 
Good 73 (18.5) 321 (81.5) 
Poor 568 (34.6) 1,073 (65.4) 0.56 (0.35–0.87) 
Characteristics of household     
Type of housing    0.000 
Modern 115 (17.6) 540 (82.4) 
Rural/Slum 526 (38.1) 854 (61.9) 0.48 (0.37–0.64) 
House sanitation     
No 480 (29.3) 1,156 (70.7) – 
Yes 147 (43.9) 188 (56.1) 1.63 (1.24–2.12) 0.000 
Father literacy status     
Illiterate 355 (40.3) 525 (59.7) – 
Primary 162 (28.4) 408 (71.6) 1.48 (1.12–1.96) 0.006 
Secondary 91 (23.6) 294 (76.4) 1.30 (0.90–1.87) 0.161 
Higher education 33 (16.5) 167 (83.5) 1.49 (0.89–2.56) 0.135 
Mother literacy status     
Illiterate 476 (37.6) 791 (62.4) – 
Primary 124 (24.4) 384 (75.6) 1.33 (0.99–1.80) 0.059 
Secondary 36 (16.4) 184 (83.6) 1.62 (1.00–2.65) 0.053 
Higher education 5 (12.5) 35 (87.5) 2.18 (0.80–7.06) 0.153 
Age <10 years * School sanitation – – 0.40 (0.22–0.73) 0.003 
VariablesGood personal hygiene
OR adjusted (95% CI)P-value
No n (%)Yes n (%)
Characteristics of pupils     
Gender     
Female 208 (24.8) 632 (75.2) 0.000 
Male 433 (36.2) 762 (63.8) 0.58 (0.47–0.71) 
Age (years)    0.150 
10 and above 208 (25.9) 595 (74.1) 
<10 433 (35.1) 799 (64.9) 1.54 (0.85–2.75) 
Class     
Elementary course 203 (29.4) 488 (70.6)  
Middle course 160 (25,5) 468 (74.5) 1.07 (0.79–1.44) 0.649 
Preparatory course 278 (38.8) 438 (61.2) 0.73 (0.57–0.95) 0.020 
School sanitation    0.012 
Good 73 (18.5) 321 (81.5) 
Poor 568 (34.6) 1,073 (65.4) 0.56 (0.35–0.87) 
Characteristics of household     
Type of housing    0.000 
Modern 115 (17.6) 540 (82.4) 
Rural/Slum 526 (38.1) 854 (61.9) 0.48 (0.37–0.64) 
House sanitation     
No 480 (29.3) 1,156 (70.7) – 
Yes 147 (43.9) 188 (56.1) 1.63 (1.24–2.12) 0.000 
Father literacy status     
Illiterate 355 (40.3) 525 (59.7) – 
Primary 162 (28.4) 408 (71.6) 1.48 (1.12–1.96) 0.006 
Secondary 91 (23.6) 294 (76.4) 1.30 (0.90–1.87) 0.161 
Higher education 33 (16.5) 167 (83.5) 1.49 (0.89–2.56) 0.135 
Mother literacy status     
Illiterate 476 (37.6) 791 (62.4) – 
Primary 124 (24.4) 384 (75.6) 1.33 (0.99–1.80) 0.059 
Secondary 36 (16.4) 184 (83.6) 1.62 (1.00–2.65) 0.053 
Higher education 5 (12.5) 35 (87.5) 2.18 (0.80–7.06) 0.153 
Age <10 years * School sanitation – – 0.40 (0.22–0.73) 0.003 
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