Skip to Main Content
Table 6.

Logistic regression (dependent variable = access to safe drinking water).

Odds ratioStandard errort-valuep-valueSignificance
Gender of household head      
 Male (Base Category) 1.000  
 Female 1.112 0.140 0.84 0.398  
Education level of household head 
 Illiterate (Base Category) 1.000  
 Primary 1.131 0.112 1.24 0.214  
 Middle 1.202 0.139 1.69 0.091 
 Secondary 1.272 0.139 2.21 0.027 ** 
 Higher 1.755 0.264 3.75 0.000 *** 
Ethnicity      
 Saraiki (Base Category) 1.000  
 Urdu speaking 0.818 0.188 − 0.88 0.382  
 Punjabi/Potohari 0.746 0.064 − 3.40 0.001 *** 
 Others 0.570 0.098 − 3.28 0.001 *** 
Place of residence      
 Rural (Base Category) 1.000  
 Urban 1.066 0.106 0.64 0.521  
Household wealth status      
 Poorest (Base Category) 1.000  
 Second 1.135 0.115 1.25 0.211  
 Middle 1.644 0.191 4.28 0.000 *** 
 Fourth 1.455 0.198 2.76 0.006 *** 
 Richest 1.188 0.193 1.06 0.289  
Media exposure      
 No (Base Category) 1.000  
 Yes 1.134 0.087 1.65 0.100 
Age of household head 1.004 0.003 1.29 0.197  
Number of household members 1.00 0.012 0.28 0.780  
Constant 1.268 0.226 1.33 0.183  
Odds ratioStandard errort-valuep-valueSignificance
Gender of household head      
 Male (Base Category) 1.000  
 Female 1.112 0.140 0.84 0.398  
Education level of household head 
 Illiterate (Base Category) 1.000  
 Primary 1.131 0.112 1.24 0.214  
 Middle 1.202 0.139 1.69 0.091 
 Secondary 1.272 0.139 2.21 0.027 ** 
 Higher 1.755 0.264 3.75 0.000 *** 
Ethnicity      
 Saraiki (Base Category) 1.000  
 Urdu speaking 0.818 0.188 − 0.88 0.382  
 Punjabi/Potohari 0.746 0.064 − 3.40 0.001 *** 
 Others 0.570 0.098 − 3.28 0.001 *** 
Place of residence      
 Rural (Base Category) 1.000  
 Urban 1.066 0.106 0.64 0.521  
Household wealth status      
 Poorest (Base Category) 1.000  
 Second 1.135 0.115 1.25 0.211  
 Middle 1.644 0.191 4.28 0.000 *** 
 Fourth 1.455 0.198 2.76 0.006 *** 
 Richest 1.188 0.193 1.06 0.289  
Media exposure      
 No (Base Category) 1.000  
 Yes 1.134 0.087 1.65 0.100 
Age of household head 1.004 0.003 1.29 0.197  
Number of household members 1.00 0.012 0.28 0.780  
Constant 1.268 0.226 1.33 0.183  

***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal